cholelithiasis


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cholelithiasis

 [ko″le-lĭ-thi´ah-sis]
the presence or formation of gallstones; they may be either in the gallbladder (cholecystolithiasis) or in the common bile duct (choledocholithiasis). adj., adj cholelith´ic.

cho·le·li·thi·a·sis

(kō'lē-li-thī'ă-sis), [MIM*600803]
Presence of concretions in the gallbladder or bile ducts.
Synonym(s): chololithiasis

cholelithiasis

/cho·le·li·thi·a·sis/ (ko″lĕ-lĭ-thi´ah-sis) the presence or formation of gallstones.

cholelithiasis

(kō′lə-lĭ-thī′ə-sĭs)
n.
The presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts.

cholelithiasis

[-lithī′əsis]
Etymology: Gk, chole + lithos, stone, osis, condition
the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder. The condition affects about 20% of the population above 40 years of age and is more prevalent in women and in persons with cirrhosis of the liver. Many patients complain of unlocalized abdominal discomfort, eructation, and intolerance to certain foods. Others have no symptoms. In patients with severe attacks of biliary pain associated with cholelithiasis, cholecystectomy is recommended to prevent such complications as cholecystitis, cholangitis, and pancreatitis. Also called chololithiasis. See also biliary calculus, cholecystitis.
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Cholelithiasis

cholelithiasis

The presence of gallstones—usually understood to mean in the gallbladder.

cholelithiasis

The presence of gallstones. See Gallstones.

cho·le·li·thi·a·sis

(kō'lĕ-li-thī'ă-sis)
Presence of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts.

cholelithiasis

The condition of having gallstones.

Cholelithiasis

Also known as gallstones, these hard masses are formed in the gallbladder or passages, and can cause severe upper right abdominal pain radiating to the right shoulder, as a result of blocked bile flow.

cholelithiasis (kōˈ·l·li·thēˑ··ss),

n gallstones asymptomatically present in the gallbladder. The gallstones form when the relative concentration of bile components is altered.
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Cholelithiasis.

cholelithiasis

the presence or formation of gallstones. Rare in animals, they are usually found in the gallbladder probably secondary to mild cholecystitis. Usually asymptomatic, but occasionally they may cause obstruction of bile ducts or lead to erosion and perforation of the gallbladder with peritonitis. Calcareous stones may form in the bile ducts of cattle with distomiasis.

obstructive cholelithiasis
blockage of the common bile duct by a gallstone; characterized clinically by severe jaundice, abdominal pain.

Patient discussion about cholelithiasis

Q. What arethe pros and cons of removingmy gallbladder due to gallstones

A. Pro - solves the problem (gallstones usually don't form in the absence of gall bladder

Cons - operation, with its complications: anesthesia, incision, hernia in the incision, infection etc.
Usually there are no chronic consequences for the absence of gallbladder.

However, this is only general advice - if you have any questions regarding this subject, you should consult a doctor (e.g. general surgeon).

You may read more here:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/MEDLINEPLUS/ency/article/002930.htm

Q. What is a cholecystectomy and how is it done? My Doctor diagnosed me with gallstones and said I have to have a cholecystectomy surgery. What is this and how is it done?

A. Cholecystectomy is a surgery in which the gallbladder is removed. Don't be alarmed since you can live without your gallbladder. When the gallbladder is gone, bile flows directly from the liver into the small intestine.
You will probably have a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which means a surgeon will make a small slit in your abdomen, then insert a tubelike instrument which has a camera and surgical instruments attached. This is used to take out the gallbladder with the stones inside it.
This procedure causes less pain than open surgery, is less likely to cause complications, and has a faster recovery time. This surgery is performed in an operating room and you will be under general anesthesia. It usually takes 20 minutes to one hour.


More discussions about cholelithiasis
References in periodicals archive ?
showed that pregnant women with acute pancreatitis and concomitant cholelithiasis presented with significantly lower Ranson's scores [14].
Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) also increases the risk of gallstone occurrence as demonstrated by a study that found that the incidence of cholelithiasis was 6.
In this prospective study a total of 200 cases with cholelithiasis had their gall bladder removed via laparoscopic technique.
Diagnosis and laparoscopic approach to gallbladder torsion and cholelithiasis.
A total of Seventy six of cholelithiasis patients and apparently fifty seven healthy as control were comprised in this study, the age of these patients ranged from (41 year to 50) years.
Cholelithiasis, as a common and frequently- occurring disease in general surgery departments, accounts for approximately 12.
Conclusions: Open cholecystectomy is associated with few per and post-operative complications and we recommend it in the management of cholelithiasis where facilities for advanced surgery are not available.
Cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis were excluded since the patient had undergone cholecystectomy in the past and the upper abdominal computed tomography did not reveal any change in the biliary tree.
Here, we present a case of 78-year-old male suffered from cholelithiasis with acute cholecystitis synchronized with acute appendicitis treated with nonsurgical management successfully.
He had undergone a cholecystectomy due to cholelithiasis 3 years previously, and had a history of sickle-cell disease since the age of 10 years.
She had a past medical history of hypertension and cholelithiasis and was a non-smoker
1-3) These complex and unusual alterations in anatomy are of considerable relevance and importance during biliary surgery for complicated cholelithiasis or hepatolithiasis, liver resection for left lobe tumours, and live donor liver transplantation.