showed that a combined "tripartite" approach of pre-operative ERCP, laparoscopy, and intraoperative choledochoscope
is a safe and effective means of treating Mirizzi's syndrome and is associated with faster post operative recovery in terms of early resumption of oral feeds and shorter hospitalisation time.
The development of flexible cystoscopy started through the novel use of the choledochoscope
into the bladder (originally it was only meant for use in the common bile duct).
A 5 mm choledochoscope
was introduced via a longitudinal choledochotomy and confirmed the presence of an impacted basket plus large stone at the ampulla (Figure 3).
Then a choledochoscope
was inserted into the common bile duct for exploration after continuous rinsing.
Methods: Totally, 18 patients were diagnosed with BCS by cholangiography following OLT using choledochoscope
or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
Balloon catheter pulmonary embolectomy under direct visual control using a choledochoscope
. Ann Thorac Surg 2011; 91: 621-3.
Distal excision should be complete down to the level of the pancreatic duct junction, which can be confirmed endoscopically using a choledochoscope
or, if not available, a paediatric cystoscope in the case of fusiform cysts with pancreaticobiliary malunion.
The cystic duct can be dilated for passage of a small-diameter flexible fiberoptic choledochoscope
for direct visualization of the duct and retrieval with a basket passed through the working channel of the choledochoscope
 Per-operative post-exploratory cholangiogram has much morbidity where a choledochoscope
Unavailability of choledochoscope
to assess the CBD stones on 2nd exploration.