chlortetracycline


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chlortetracycline

 [klor″tet-rah-si´klēn]
a broad-spectrum antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces aureofaciens, used in the form of the hydrochloride salt as an antibacterial (effective against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria) and as an antiprotozoal agent. It is administered orally, intravenously, or topically to the skin or eye. Side effects include gastrointestinal disturbances, especially diarrhea.

chlortetracycline

An antibiotic obtained from the soil bacterium Streptomyces aureofaciens . A brand name is Deteclo. With TRIAMCINOLONE it is marketed as Aureocort.

antibiotic 

1. Pertaining to the ability to destroy or inhibit other living organisms.
2. A substance derived from a mould or bacterium, or produced synthetically, that destroys (bactericidal) or inhibits the growth (bacteriostatic) of other microorganisms and is thus used to treat infections. Some substances have a narrow spectrum of activity whereas others act against a wide range of both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms (broad-spectrum antibiotics). Antibiotics can be classified into several groups according to their mode of action on or within bacteria: (1) Drugs inhibiting bacterial cell wall synthesis, such as bacitracin, vancomycin and the β-lactams based agents (e.g. penicillin, cephalosporins (e.g. ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefuroxime). (2) Drugs affecting the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane, such as polymyxin B sulfate and gramicidin. (3) Drugs inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis, such as aminoglycosides (e.g. amikacin sulfate, framycetin sulfate, gentamicin, neomycin sulfate and tobramycin), tetracyclines, macrolides (e.g. erythromycin and azithromycin) and chloramphenicol. (4) Drugs inhibiting the intermediate metabolism of bacteria, such as sulfonamides (e.g. sulfacetamide sodium) and trimethoprim. (5) Drugs inhibiting bacterial DNA synthesis, such as nalixidic acid and fluoroquinolones (e.g. ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, norfloxacin and ofloxacin). (6) Other antibiotics such as fusidic acid, the diamidines, such as propamidine isethionate and dibrompropamidine. Syn. antibacterial. See antiinflammatory drug; fusidic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the starter phase, no treatment effect of FSE or chlortetracycline on ADG, ADFI, and FCR of broiler chickens was observed (Table 3).
coli O157:H7 EDL933 to sublethal concentrations (1, 0.1, and 0.01 [micro]g/mL) of common bAGPs, including monensin, tylosin, chlortetracycline, and oxytetracycline.
(citing Penicillin and Tetracycline (Chlortetracycline and Oxytetracycline) in Animal Feeds; Denial of Petitions, 48 Fed.
[9] monitored seven veterinary antibiotics, including chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline, tetracycline, sulfamethazine, sulfamethoxazole, sulfathiazole, and tylosin, near a manure composting facility in Gangwon Province, Korea.
chitosan Antibiotics Cefazolin, Poly tetracycline, (laclide-co-glycolide), chlorotetracycline, Poly (d,l-lactide), poly chlortetracycline, (l-laclic acid), cefoxitin sodium, polycaprolactone, poly gentamicin sulfate (ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) Others Rcsveratrol, bovine Polycaprolactone, poly serum albumin, (d,l-lactic acid), poly rhodamine B.
Besides, chlortetracycline (CTC) (14), fluorescein-labeled mannosylated Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA), fluorescein-labeled acrosome-specific monoclonal antibody and eosinophilic probe Lysotracker Green TM can also be used to detect the acrosome status.
Management of antibiotic residues from agricultural sources: Use of composting to reduce chlortetracycline residues in beef manure from treated animals.
To look at how long-term antibiotic exposure affects soil bacteria populations, Topp and his team treated plots of soil at an experimental farm in Canada with a mixture of three veterinary antibiotics: sulfamethazine, tylosin, and chlortetracycline, which are commonly fed to pigs and other kinds of livestock.
Some of the leading compound or brand names were tetracycline, chlortetracycline (Aureomycin), oxytetracycline (Terramycin) and erythromycin, etc.