chlorophyll

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chlorophyll

 [klor´o-fil]
any of a group of green pigments, containing a magnesium-porphyrin complex, that are involved in oxygen-producing photosynthesis. Preparations of water-soluble chlorophyll derivatives are sometimes applied topically for deodorization purposes. They may also be administered orally to deodorize ulcerative lesions as well as urine and feces in colostomy, ileostomy, or incontinence.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

chlor·o·phyll

(klōr'ō-fil),
The magnesium complex of the phorbin derivative found in photosynthetic organisms; light-absorbing green plant pigments that, in living plants, convert light energy into oxidizing and reducing power, thus fixing CO2 and evolving O2; the naturally occurring forms are chlorophyll a, b, c, and d.
See also: phorbin.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

chlorophyll

(klôr′ə-fĭl)
n.
Any of a group of green pigments that capture light energy used as the energy source in photosynthesis and that are found in the chloroplasts of plants and other photosynthetic organisms such as cyanobacteria, especially:
a. A waxy blue-black microcrystalline green-plant pigment, C55H72MgN4O5, with a characteristic blue-green alcohol solution. Also called chlorophyll a.
b. A similar green-plant pigment, C55H70MgN4O6, having a brilliant green alcohol solution. Also called chlorophyll b.

chlo′ro·phyl′lous adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

chlorophyll

Biology
The green plant pigment pivotal in photosynthesis, the manufacture of carbohydrates from CO2 and H2O.

Fringe nutrition
While chlorophyll resembles haemoglobin chemically, it has no role in human metabolism; there is, therefore, no basis for using chlorophyll to treat allergies, anaemia, arthritis, colitis, coughs, hypertension, infections, ulcers, and many other conditions, as has been recommended by some alternative medical practitioners.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

chlor·o·phyll

(klōr'ō-fil)
A complex of light-absorbing green pigments that, in living plants, convert light energy into oxidizing and reducing power, thus fixing CO2 and evolving O2; the naturally occurring forms are chlorophyll a, b, c, and d.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

chlorophyll

a group of pigments giving a green coloration to most plants, which is found in any part of the plant that is exposed to sunlight. The pigments are usually contained in cell organelles called CHLOROPLASTS. Chlorophyll is a PORPHYRIN containing magnesium and exists in several forms which have different side chains. Typically, chlorophylls a (blue-green) and b (yellow-green) are found in higher plants; chlorophylls c and d are found in algae. Chlorophyll has the vital function of absorbing light energy for PHOTOSYNTHESIS. see ACTION SPECTRUM. A related pigment, BACTERIOCHLOROPHYLL, containing manganese instead of magnesium, is found in photosynthetic bacteria.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

chlor·o·phyll

(klōr'ō-fil)
Light-absorbing green plant pigments that, in living plants, convert light energy into oxidizing and reducing power, thus fixing CO2 and evolving O2.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
These bundles were immediately adjacent to photosynthesizing chlorophyllous parenchymatous cells, in the outer extremities of the rachis and presumably functioned to transport nascently synthesized assimilates into the tissues of the rachis.
Connect to the vascular tissue of chlorophyllous higher plants
luridum presents coriaceus and succulent fronds, showing a parenchyma tending to the palisade and chlorophyllous spongy parenchyma which presents large vacuoles to store water.
First results from conservation studies of chlorophyllous spores of the Royal fern (Osmunda regalis, osmundaceae).
Later on, when androgenetic embryos regenerate plantlets, plastids develop either into chloroplasts (chlorophyllous pathway) or albino plastids (albino pathway).
Each leaf consists of two lobes: an aerial dorsal lobe, which is chlorophyllous, and a partially submerged ventral lobe, which is colorless and cup-shaped and provides buoyancy.