Some insecticides which need to be within the FSSAI parameters for various dry fruits and nuts like walnuts and almonds include bromide, carbendazim, benomyl and chlorobenzilate
The beekeepers have been forced to use unapproved chemicals such as chlorobenzilate
, phenothiazine, sulphur, amitraz or different pyrethroids to control the mite infestation.
Residual pesticides, such as chlorobenzilate
, diethofencarb, malathion, methiocarb and carbaryl, were not detected.
Of these 16 substances, two--coke oven emissions and nitrosodimethylamine--have zero reported emissions in Greater Houston, two (2,4-dinitrophenol, arsinine) have only negligible modeled ambient concentrations, and 12 have unknown emissions (1,3-propane sultone, 2,4,6-trichlorophenol, 2-chloroacetophenone, 3,3-dimethoxybenzidine, 3,3-dimethyl benzidine, chlorobenzilate
, ethyl carbamate, ethylene thiourea, lindane, N-nitrosomorpholine, p-dimethylaminoazobenzene, toxaphene).
They relate specifically to the following substances: 2,4,5-T, chlorobenzilate
, parathion-methyl, monocrotophos and phosphamidon (replacing the provisional import decisions 2000/657/EC) and polybrominated biphenyls (PBB -replacing the earlier import decision of 1995 in order particularly to take into account the total ban on PBBs since 1993).
Table 2 List of the Thirty-One Substances Covered by the Rotterdam PIC Convention Pesticides Industrial chemicals 2,4,5-T Crocidolite Aldrin (a) Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) (a) Binapacryl Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) (a) Captafol Polychlorinated terphenyls (PCT) (a) Chlorobenzilate
Tris(2,3dibromopropyl) phosphate Chlordane (a) Chlordimeform DDT (a) Dieldrin (a) Dinoseb and dinoseb salts 1,2-dibromoethane (EDB) Ethylene dichloride Ethylene oxide Fluoroacetamide HCH (a) Heptachlor (a) Hexachlorobenzene (a) Lindane (a) Mercury compounds Toxaphene (a) Pentachlorophenol Methyl-parathion Methamidophos Monocrotophos Parathion Phosphamidon Source: Adapted from Annex III of the convention.