chlordane


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hydrocarbon

 [hi″dro-kahr´bon]
an organic compound that contains carbon and hydrogen only.
alicyclic hydrocarbon one that has cyclic structure and aliphatic properties.
aliphatic hydrocarbon one in which no carbon atoms are joined to form a ring.
aromatic hydrocarbon one that has cyclic structure and a closed conjugated system of double bonds.
chlorinated hydrocarbon any hydrocarbon compound with chlorine substitutions; many are toxic. They are used mainly as refrigerants, industrial solvents, dry cleaning fluids, and insecticides (such as ddt and dieldrin). Some have been used as anesthetics, such as chloroform.

chlor·dane

(klōr'dān),
A chlorinated hydrocarbon used as an insecticide; it may be absorbed through the skin with resultant severe toxic effects: hyperexcitability of central nervous system, tremors, lack of muscular coordination, convulsions, and death; also causes damage to the liver, kidneys, and spleen. It is only mildly toxic to animals.

chlordane

(klôr′dān′) also

chlordan

(-dăn′)
n.
A colorless, odorless, viscous liquid, C10H6Cl8, formerly used as an insecticide. It may be toxic to humans and wildlife as a result of its effect on the nervous system.
A viscous, chlorinated organic compound once used as an insecticide and fumigant, now limited by the EPA to control termites and non-food plants; it is absorbed through the skin, causes liver and kidney damage, and possibly cancer

chlordane

Toxicology A viscous, chlorinated organic compound once used as an insecticide and fumigant, now EPA-limited to control termites and non-food plants; it is absorbed through the skin, causes liver and kidney damage, possibly CA Clinical Convulsions, depression, hyperexcitability, incoordination, death
References in periodicals archive ?
Chlordane is a man-made chemical that was used as a pesticide in Missouri for termites and agricultural pests from the late 1940s to the 1970s.
Chlordane and heptachlor are structurally related OC insecticides that have been considered together in toxicity and carcinogenicity evaluations because the technical-grade product of each contained about 10-20% of the other compound (IARC 2001).
They then measured each sample's concentrations of 46 POPs, including PCBs, HCB, and several chlordanes. They also made the same measurements on blood samples from a comparable number of healthy Swedish men of similar age and from most mothers of the men in either group.
We computed the metric for the 13 pesticides measured in our study except for 3 that had no or limited agricultural/public land applications in California during the study period (i.e., chlordane, methoxychlor, propoxur).
It prohibits the production and use of certain products (aldrin, chlordane, chlordecone, dieldrin, endrin, hexabromobiphenyl, mirex and toxaphene).
Based on shifts in the ratio of the enantiomers over time, the researchers determined that recently applied pesticide is responsible for a decreasing fraction of airborne chlordane in the Arctic.
The Protocol bans the production and use of some products outright (aldrin, chlordane, chlordecone, dieldrin, endrin, hexabromobiphenyl, mirex and toxaphene).
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether exposure to in utero chlordane is related to cryptorchidism and hypospadias, we evaluated levels of chlordane derivatives, trans-nonachlor and oxychlordane, among pregnant women enrolled in the Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP).
- Annex A (products for the Convention requires total phase-out except in the case of very specific derogations): aldrin, chlordane, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, mirex, toxaphene, polychlorinated biphenyls;
The Stockholm Convention lists nine intentionally produced chemicals (aldrin, chlordane, dieldrin, endrin, hexachlorobenzene or HCB, heptachlor, mirex, toxaphene and PCBs) which are subject to a ban on production and use except where there are generic or specific exemptions.
The targeted compounds include dioxins and structurally related furans; polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); and the pesticides aldrin, chlordane, DDT, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, mirex, and toxaphene.
Applicators with the highest lifetime exposure-days for chlordane (Purdue et al.