chloracne


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chloracne

 [klor-ak´ne]
an acneiform eruption, caused by exposure to chlorine compounds.

chlor·ac·ne

(klōr-ak'nē),
An acnelike eruption due to occupational contact, by inhalation or ingestion or through the skin, with certain chlorinated compounds (naphthalenes and diphenyls) used as insulators, insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides, including Agent Orange; keratinous plugs (comedones) form in the pilosebaceous orifices, and variously sized small papules (2 to 4 mm) develop.
Synonym(s): tar acne

chloracne

/chlor·ac·ne/ (klor-ak´ne) an acneiform eruption due to exposure to chlorine compounds.

chloracne

(klôr-ăk′nē)
n.
An acnelike skin disorder caused by prolonged exposure to chlorinated hydrocarbons.

chloracne

[klôrak′nē]
Etymology: Gk, chloros, green, akme, point
a skin condition characterized by small, black follicular plugs and papules on exposed surfaces, especially on the arms, face, and neck, of workers in contact with chlorinated compounds, such as cutting oils, paints, varnishes, and lacquers. Avoidance of contact with chlorinated compounds or the use of protective garments prevents the condition.

chloracne

An acneiform eruption of blackheads, cysts and pustules on the cheeks, behind the ears, in axilla and the groin, linked to exposure to halogenated aromatic compounds (e.g., chlorinated dioxins and dibenzofurans, and herbicides such as Agent Orange).

chloracne

Occupational dermatology A condition caused by halogenated organic compounds–eg, chlorinated chemicals

chlor·ac·ne

, chlorine acne (klōr-ak'nē, klōr'ēn ak'nē)
An occupational acnelike eruption due to prolonged contact with some chlorinated compounds.
Enlarge picture
CHLORACNE: In a Vietnam veteran who was exposed to Agent Orange

chloracne

(klor-ăk′nē)
Generalized acne that usually occurs after industrial exposure to chemicals such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) or dioxin.
See: illustration

chloracne

An ACNE-like skin eruption caused by frequent contact with chlorinated hydrocarbons.
References in periodicals archive ?
Handling of dioxin measure-ment data in the presence of non-detectable values: overview of available methods and their application in the Seveso chloracne study.
Marcello Lotti of the University of Padua said: "Dioxins have only modest toxicity and you would need an extremely high dose to get chloracne.
These include sufficient evidence of soft-tissue sarcoma, non-Hodgkins lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease and chloracne, and suggestive evidence of respiratory cancers (lung, bronchus, larynx, trachea), prostate cancer, multiple myeloma, acute and subacute transient peripheral neuropathy, porphyria cutanea tarda, type 2 diabetes, spina bifida and acute myelogenous in the children of veterans.
Past work has identified associations with soft-tissue sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, and chloracne, a skin disease," the scientist said.
Three years later, the government recognized that Agent Orange could cause the skin condition chloracne.
vascular lesions, chloracne, teratogenicity, fetotoxicity, impaired reproductive performance, endometriosis and delayed death.
GE executives met with colleagues from Monsanto and other companies to share information on the "systemic effects" of PCBs and other chlorinated hydrocarbons, including chloracne, a disfiguring skin condition.
Occupational acne is caused by exposures to chemicals in the workplace, including cutting oils used in the tool and dye industry or, in the case of chloracne, chlorine.
In addition to being classified by the EPA as probable human carcinogens, PCBs have been demonstrated to be responsible for liver disorders, chloracne, and reproductive problems in humans.
Dioxin also causes a skin condition called chloracne in people exposed to high doses for a long period of time; it irritates the eyes, nose and throat.
Beyond cancer--which, according to EPA is now estimated to be 10 times more likely to result from exposure to dioxins than the Agency previously thought--other potential human ailments linked to dioxins, according to EPA, include reproductive and immune system failures, delay of developmental milestones and a nasty skin condition known as chloracne.