chimerism


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Related to chimerism: blood chimerism

chimerism

 [ki´mer-izm]
the state of being a chimera; the presence in an individual of cells of different origin.

chi·me·rism

(kī-mēr'izm),
The state of being a chimera.

chimerism

(kī-mîr′ĭz′əm, kī′mə-rĭz′-)
n.
The condition of being a genetic chimera.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chimerism and genetic mosaicism have been hypothesized to be potential sources of genetic variation that may influence evolutionary processes in long-lived corals (Puill-Stephen et al., 2009; van Oppen et al., 2011).
Nevertheless, even ddPCR chimerism assays have finite sensitivities (1 in 2000 cells, or 0.05%) (13) and lesser limits of quantification (accuracy to 0.5% chimerism) (13), while interrogating only a limited number of loci because of restrictions with primer multiplexing and requiring specialized instrumentation (18).
Another study demonstrated that the patients with secondary graft failure, at the time of neutrophil engraftment, received salvage transplantation which caused complete donor chimerism. Overall, '5 patients underwent neutrophilic engraftment out of which two died and one of the patient started on ELTROMBOPAG, after which cell count starts to improve.
The majority of patients had mixed or their own hematopoiesis, and in some cases, molecular chimerism could not be determined due to the extremely scarce number of cells in the bone marrow sample.
Andrews, "Hypomelanosis of Ito: a manifestation of mosaicism or chimerism," Journal of Medical Genetics, vol.
Clark et al., "Pregnancy-induced maternal regulatory T cells, bona fide memory or maintenance by antigenic reminder from fetal cell microchimerism?," Chimerism, vol.
Before Day 30 Day 150 transplant * Blood counts Hemoglobin (g/dL) 12,1 7,9 10,0 Thrombocytes (x [10.sup.9]/L) 240 39 82 Leukocytes (x [10.sup.9]/L) 3,9 3,2 14,1 Lymphocytes (x [10.sup.9]/L) 0,8 0,5 6,7 CD4 (x [10.sup.6]/L) 177 CD8 (x [10.sup.6]/L) 277 CD19 (x [10.sup.6]/L) <5 Immunoglobulins IgG (g/L) 6,1 2,8 IgM (g/L) 0,1 <0,1 IgA(g/L) 0,4 <0,1 Chimerism 99% * * Pretransplant data from first presentation at Oslo University Hospital.
It was then she consulted various doctors and was diagnosed with a rare genetic condition called Chimerism. It is a state in which an individual's body is composed of two genetically distinct types of cells.
On the twenty-eighth day following the transplantation, it was concluded at the Institute of Blood Transfusion in Belgrade, thus confirming chimerism and the success of the transplantation.
Blood group chimerism is an intrinsic characteristic of ABO non-identical HPC transplantation.
Chimerism resulting from parthenogenetic activation and dispermic fertilization.
Implantation of the donor spleen with liver--intestine graft is advantageous with reduced infection rate and enhanced mixed chimerism. Harvesting the distal esophagus within the multivisceral graft simplifies the transplantation procedure of foregut organs.