childhood volvulusA typically midgut volvulus (twisting of the entire midgut around the axis of the superior mesenteric artery), which is characterised by lower GI obstruction and variable compromise in vascularity.
Nausea, vomiting, bloody stool, abdominal pain, constipation, shock.
Childhood volvulus associations
• Oesophageal atresia;
• Pyloric stenosis;
• Duodenal atresia, web or stenosis
• Ileal and jejunal atresia or duplication;
• Meckel diverticulum;
• Meconium ileus;
• Hirschsprung disease;
• Imperforate anus.
Pancreatic and Biliary disease
• Annular pancreas;
• Cystic fibrosis;
• Biliary atresia;
• Situs inversus and asplenia (may be associated with biliary atresia).
• Agenesis of corpus callosum;
• Congenital heart disease;
• Diaphragmatic hernia;
• Kidney abnormalities;
• Trisomies: 21, 13, 18;
• VACTERL association.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
childhood volvulusPediatrics A condition characterized by lower GI obstruction, and variable compromise in vascularity Clinical N&V, bloody stool, abdominal pain, constipation, shock Management Surgical reduction. See Paralytic ileus.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.