chilblain


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chilblain

 [chil´blān]
one of the mildest forms of cold injury, characterized by recurrent localized itching, swelling, painful erythema, and sometimes blistering and ulceration upon exposure to cold and dampness; it occurs chiefly on the fingers, toes, ears, and face, but may involve other areas of the body. (This condition should not be confused with frostbite, another type of skin damage caused by exposure to cold.) The basic cause of chilblain is sensitivity to cold, sometimes due to circulatory disturbances that can be partially corrected by exercise and proper diet; severe cases require medical attention. Extreme heat or cold applications should not be applied directly to chilblains. Called also pernio.

chil·blain

(chil'blān), Avoid the misspelling chillblain.
Erythema, itching, and burning, especially of the dorsa of the fingers and toes, and of the heels, nose, and ears caused by vascular constriction on exposure to extreme cold (usually associated with high humidity); lesions can be single or multiple, and can become blistered and ulcerated.
[chill + A.S. blegen, a blain]

chilblain

(chĭl′blān′)
n.
An inflammation followed by itchy irritation on the hands, feet, or ears, resulting from exposure to moist cold.

chil′blained′ adj.
A dermatopathy due to cold, damp climates, i.e., in the UK; presumed due to prolonged arteriolar constriction
At risk groups Infants, elderly, alcoholics
Management Proper clothing, smoking cessation, corticosteroids

chil·blain

(chil'blān)
Erythema, itching, and burning, especially of the dorsa of the fingers and toes, and of the heels, nose, and ears caused by vascular constriction on exposure to extreme cold (usually associated with high humidity); lesions can be single or multiple, and can become blistered and ulcerated.
Synonym(s): erythema pernio.
[chill + A.S. blegen, a blain]

chilblain

Raised, red, round itchy swelling of the skin of the fingers and toes occurring in cold weather. This and other related disorders, are included in the term ‘perniosis’.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cuando las lesiones de perniosis tienen un curso prolongado debe sospecharse un eritema pernio asociado con enfermedad del tejido conjuntivo, como el lupus eritematoso (asociacion conocida como lupus eritematoso perniotico o chilblain lupus).
If the chilblain hasn't broken the surface, the skin can be painted with a mixture of friar's balsam and a weak solution of iodine.
Kirsty said her son, Mathus, three, who is mentally and physically disabled, developed chilblains on his fingers and foot when temperatures plummeted to sub-zero last winter.
Referring to kids who wore glasses as "Brains" Warming your feet at the fire then getting chilblains Knocking at doors and running away Playing allalio, ollies and conkers all day Going on messages for your ma Sucking up to the teacher to get a gold star Going to the pub aged just sixteen Getting blind drunk then making a scene Claiming you'd copped the most desirable bird Being seen but never heard Going to the Cavern and the Iron Door The Grafton, The She She Club, living folk lore Exaggerating your footballing ability Being tougher than anyone in the Military Having the biggest organ by far Or even the most enormous guitar The greatest midfield trio of all Kendall, Harvey and Alan Ball And remember when we enhanced our acumen By taking the mickey out of cocky watchman?
Q This time of year I get really bad chilblains, what can I do?
The Motor Neurone Disease Association can provide advice and information for patients and carers on 08457 626262 or www.mndassociation.org Q Is there anything I can do about chilblains? A Chilblains are red, itchy, and sometimes painful lumps which occur when you get cold.
Mae'n rhestru ei ddefnydd at wella 'cuts, bruises, burns, scalds, sprains, piles, pimples, eczema, bad legs, ulcers, ringworm, chapped hands, rashes, sores, insect bites, chafings, chilblains, rheumatism, cold sores...
The family deceived Eileen and treated her as a maid rather than a tutor and kept her holed up a freezing attic where she suffered from severe chilblains.
You get one nice day of warm sunshine that tempts you into shedding vest and liberty bodice and the next it's back to grey skies and chilblains. Tomorrow I will not be surprised to see snow and hurricanes.