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a statistical procedure for determining significant differences between frequencies observed within the data and frequencies that were expected. There are two chi-squared tests: the chi-square test of independence, which tests whether two or more series of frequencies are independent of one another; and the chi-square test of goodness of fit, which tests whether an observed frequency distribution fits a specified theoretical model. Written also χ2-test.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
a statistical method of assessing the significance of a difference, as when the data from two or more samples, such as the numbers of females and males attending each of two colleges, are represented by a discrete number.
Synonym(s): χ2 test
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