chew

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chewing tobacco

A form of smokeless tobacco sold as a shredded product, in contrast to dipping tobacco in which the tobacco leaves are ground.

Health effects
Oral cancer; often disfiguring due to heroic surgery.

chew

Chewing tobacco. See Smokeless tobacco.
References in periodicals archive ?
The study of Abd-El Maeboud et al.22 with 200 women after cesarean delivery under general anesthesia in Egypt revealed that the group that chewed gum experienced bowel sounds 10.9 hours after surgery and the control group 15.6 hours after surgery.
Thirty four (42%) students who ever chewed khat said that it is easy to find khat and most of the chewers 64 (79%) bought khat directly from khat sellers.
The device was tested on 6 healthy volunteers who chewed gum or ate almonds; the results confirmed that the instrument can accurately count chewing without missing any chewing occurrences and can correctly distinguish behaviors other than chewing.
In this study, patients who chewed gum received nearly twice the mean dosage of morphine as non-gum chewers.
Betal nut chewing is the most popular chewing habit in among South Asians.12 According to an estimate of World Health Organization (WHO) approximately 600 million people chew betal nut containing products worldwide which is about 10-20% of the world's population causing a premalignant condition of oral cavity known as oral submucous fibrosis (OSF).13 Research has shown that betal nut is the fruit of areca catechu palm tree and is chewed for its mild central nervous system stimulating properties.
This cost saving rose to a potential PS3.3 million if two pieces were to be chewed, and to PS8.2 million for three pieces, researchers said.
The results showed that participants who chewed gum had quicker reaction times and more accurate results than the participants who didn't chew gum.
A three-year clinical study that culminated in 2001 involving 547 children aged nine to 14 in Hungary (four sets of children chewed gum for up to five times a day) showed a 40 per cent reduction in new cavities.
5 per minute), and that the lean men chewed more per bite (21 vs.
"We think the herbivore needs the bolus (the soft mass of chewed food) to be in a precise place between each chew.
Student Abdul-Khaleq Al-Ashari, chewed qat four years ago until it made him ill.
An estimated 300,000 tons of chewing gum will be sold in the United States this year, resulting in about 120,000 tons of residual chewed gum remaining in the environment, the company reported.