chest physiotherapy


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physiotherapy

 [fiz″e-o-ther´ah-pe]
chest physiotherapy
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as assisting the patient to move airway secretions from peripheral airways to more central airways for expectorating and/or suctioning.

chest phys·ic·al ther·a·py

(CPT) (chestfiz'i-kăl thār'ă-pē)
A type of respiratory care performed to promote coughing and the removal of lung secretions through percussion (clapping) and vibration on the affected areas, postural drainage, and breathing exercises; usually contraindicated in persons with bleeding abnormalities, anticoagulant therapy, chest and/or head/neck trauma, recent myocardial infarctions, or pacemaker insertion.
Synonym(s): chest physiotherapy, pulmonary rehabilitation, pulmonary toileting.

chest physical therapy

, chest physiotherapy,

CPT, Chest PT.

A type of respiratory care usually incorporating postural drainage, cough facilitation, and breathing exercises used for loosening and removing lung secretions. It may include percussion (clapping) and vibration over the affected areas of the lungs, simultaneous with postural drainage to remove secretions. Auscultation of breath sounds is done before and after the procedure.
References in periodicals archive ?
Condie E, Hack K, Ross A (1993) An investigation of the value of routine provision of postoperative chest physiotherapy in non-smoking patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery.
Chest physiotherapy is often used to help people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, elderly people who have recently had major surgery, and children with the inherited disorder cystic fibrosis.
Changes in intracranial pressure associated with chest physiotherapy. Neurocritical Care, 6, 100-103.
The mechanism by which percussive chest physiotherapy modalities enhance airway clearance is not known.
Chest physiotherapy with positive airway pressure: a pilot study of short-term effects on sputum clearance in patients with cystic fibrosis and severe airway obstruction.
Chest optimization is systematic administration of evidence-based protocol-guided (see Appendix, available online only) multimodal chest physiotherapy to ventilator-dependent patients with low tetraplegia.
In hospitals physiotherapists are needed in almost every department from outpatients to intensive care where chest physiotherapy can be vital to keep unconscious patients breathing.
They all need daily treatment including chest physiotherapy and inhalations.
We describe three patients in whom TAP blocks were used in our intensive care unit (ICU) to provide effective analgesia and facilitate chest physiotherapy. The blocks were performed under local anaesthesia and were well tolerated by the patients.
RESPIRATORY THERAPISTS EVALUATE, TREAT AND CARE FOR PATIENTS WITH BREATHING OR CARDIOPULMONARY DISORDERS and may use oxygen, oxygen mixtures, chest physiotherapy and aerosol medications.
Lastly, we utilize chest physiotherapy to loosen and hopefully remove mucus secretions from obstructing airways.