chest compression

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chest compression

Abbreviation: CC
Forcible depression of the thorax during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This technique is used to circulate the blood of a patient whose heart is no longer beating effectively enough to sustain life.

Patient care

Effective chest compressions in an adult should depress the sternum by 1.5–2 in (4–5 cm). In a child or infant, the sternum should be depressed by the rescuer to a depth of about 1/2 to 1/3 the depth of the chest.

See also: compression
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite improved chest compression rate and CCF% with the use of the accelerometer feedback device, we observed a trend toward lower compression depth in the intervention arm than in the control group.
Steen, "Pauses in chest compression and inappropriate shocks: A comparison of manual and semi-automatic defibrillation attempts," Resuscitation, vol.
During the last two decades it has been reported that the faster and deeper chest compressions improve the survival rate [6].
Compared with continuous mechanical chest compression-assisted PCI, ECMO seems to provide more effective circulatory support than continuous mechanical chest compressions with LUCAS device in cardiac arrest, but implantation of the ECMO usually takes longer and often requires extra staff with special skills, such as a cardiovascular surgeon and a perfusionist.
Table 4 presents the association between gender and CPR, specifically the chest compression depth, chest compression rate, and ventilation.
* C-A-B instead of A-B-C: Initiate chest compressions before giving rescue breaths
The majority of students (69%) indicated they agreed with the statement that chest compression performed well will result in spontaneous circulation.
A review of the literature on patient care, physiology, biomechanics, emergency medical services and diagnostic imaging was conducted to examine rib cage injuries resulting from chest compressions during adult CPR.
If the medical trainer applies a chest compression that is too weak, Stan will sense this and will give feedback showing that an improper amount of blood volume is being pumped.
A pilot study performed in King County, Washington, showed a 3.5% increase in survival with chest compressions alone when compared with chest compressions with mouth-to-mouth ventilation.
In the case of both infants and small children, give breaths during a pause after every fifth chest compression.
Chest compression quality was evaluated by assessing the average compression depth and rate and incomplete chest recoil ratio.