chest compression

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chest compression

Abbreviation: CC
Forcible depression of the thorax during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This technique is used to circulate the blood of a patient whose heart is no longer beating effectively enough to sustain life.

Patient care

Effective chest compressions in an adult should depress the sternum by 1.5–2 in (4–5 cm). In a child or infant, the sternum should be depressed by the rescuer to a depth of about 1/2 to 1/3 the depth of the chest.

See also: compression


see thorax, thoracic, flail chest.

chest compression
a means of external cardiac massage; most likely to be effective in small dogs and cats, but very difficult in large animals.
chest wound
common in horses and cattle, damage to the underlying chest wall with communication to the pleural cavity and pneumothorax is the main danger.
References in periodicals archive ?
The PocketCPR is a small device that fits under the rescuer's hand and both prompts the rescuer to take specific steps in the event of an SCA and coaches the rescuer in the delivery of high-quality chest compressions.
The importance of being able to provide continuous, high-quality chest compressions during emergency situations, while also freeing up first responders to attend to the critical needs of patients, is paramount when every second counts," Yurong said.
Q-CPR, available only on the Philips HeartStart MRx Monitor/Defibrillator, is the first and only comprehensive technology integrated into a monitor/defibrillator that provides real-time CPR monitoring and feedback for both chest compressions and ventilations (breaths).
The AutoPulse helps provide the consistent, uninterrupted chest compressions called for by the European Resuscitation Council Guidelines.
Most importantly, if you witness a child suddenly collapse, such as an athlete on the field, and suspect cardiac arrest, perform at least chest compressions until medical help and a defibrillator arrives.
One study demonstrated that standard CPR performed at the conventional ratio of 15 chest compressions to 2 ventilations resulted in a total of 308 chest compressions during the 8-minute period that paramedics take on average to respond.
ZOLL's Real CPR Help has been demonstrated to effectively help guide rescuers to the correct depth and rate of chest compressions with the goal of improving survival from sudden cardiac arrests.
Chest Compression System must be radiolucent and can be used without external power, ie used with rechargeable battery, which has a running time of at least 45 minutes.
Jolife AB, founded in 2000, develops and manufactures the LUCAS Chest Compression System.
In standard chest-compression CPR, which has been in practice since the 1960s, the rescuer pushes on the chest and blows into the subject's mouth twice for every 30 chest compressions.
In real-world situations, rescue personnel can't maintain continuous chest compressions when they are, for example, carrying a patient down a stairway on a stretcher, or carrying a patient across a lawn to a waiting ambulance.
Improving the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills among both the lay public and health care professionals is the theme of the American Heart Association's new guidelines--and optimizing chest compression is the means to that end.