chemotroph


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Related to chemotroph: heterotroph, Chemoheterotroph

chemotroph

 [ke´mo-trōf]
a microorganism that derives energy from the oxidation of inorganic compounds.

che·mo·troph

(ke'mō-trōf),
An organism that obtains its energy by the oxidation of inorganic or organic nutrients (that is, exogenous chemical sources).

chemotroph

(kē′mō-trŏf′, -trōf′)
n.
An organism that oxidizes chemical compounds to obtain energy.

che′mo·troph′ic adj.
che·mot′ro·phy (kē-mŏt′rə-fē) n.

chemotroph

An organism (e.g., bacterium) that derives its energy by oxidising organic and inorganic electron donors—e.g., in the environment.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Reduced compounds of carbon (such as methane), of sulphur (such as sulphide), of nitrogen (such as ammonia), or iron (the bivalent ferrous form) present in the lithosphere or in water can be oxidized and power chemotrophs.