chemotaxin


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chemotaxin

 [ke″mo-tak´sin]
a substance, e.g., a complement component, that induces chemotaxis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

chemotaxin

(kem?o-tak'sin)
A substance released by bacteria, injured tissue, and white blood cells that stimulates the movement of neutrophils and other white blood cells to the injured area. Complement factors 3a (C3a) and 5a (C5a), cytokines, leukotrienes, prostaglandins, and fragments of fibrin and collagen are common chemotaxins.
See: inflammation
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
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(2002) Epithelial cell-derived human [beta]-defensin-2 acts as a chemotaxin for mast cells through a pertussis toxin-sensitive and phospholipase C-dependent pathway.
The fact that almost all GAS types possess scp gene is a reason to believe that specific cleavage of C5a chemotaxin contributes to the virulence of these streptococci (13).
Sarma et al., "Tumor necrosis factor-[alpha] induction of novel gene products in human endothelial cells including a macrophage-specific chemotaxin," Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
Miyamasu et al., "Eotaxin is a potent chemotaxin for human basophils," Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol.
Red blood cells are a sink for interleukin-8, a leukocyte chemotaxin. J Clin Invest 1991;88:1362-9.
Cells were seeded into the upper chamber, while lmL complete medium was added into the lower chamber as a chemotaxin. After culture for 24 h, noninvading cells were removed with a cotton bud.
Circulating and tissue levels of the neutrophil chemotaxin interleukin-8 are elevated in severe acute alcoholic hepatitis and tissue levels correlate with neutrophil infiltration.
Human monocyte chemotaxis to complement-derived chemotaxins is enhanced by Gc-globulin.