chemotaxis

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Related to chemotactically: positive chemotaxis, chemotaxin

chemotaxis

 [ke″mo-tak´sis]
list; movement (taxis) in response to the influence of chemical stimulation. adj., adj chemotac´tic.
leukocyte chemotaxis the response of leukocytes to products formed in immunologic reactions, wherein leukocytes are attracted to and accumulate at the site of the reaction; a part of the inflammatory response. See also inflammation.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

che·mo·tax·is

, positive chemotaxisnegative chemotaxis (kē'mo-tak'sis),
1. Movement of cells or organisms in response to chemicals, whereby the cells are attracted (positive chemotaxis) or repelled (negative chemotaxis) by substances exhibiting chemical properties.
2. The migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and macrophages toward higher concentrations of certain fragments of complement.
[chemo- + G. taxis, orderly arrangement]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

chemotaxis

(kē′mō-tăk′sĭs, kĕm′ō-)
n.
The characteristic movement or orientation of an organism or cell along a chemical concentration gradient either toward or away from the chemical stimulus.

che′mo·tac′tic (-tăk′tĭk) adj.
che′mo·tac′ti·cal·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

che·mo·tax·is

, positive chemotaxis , negative chemotaxis (kē'mō-tak'sis, pozi-tiv, negă-tiv)
Movement of cells or organisms in response to chemicals.
Synonym(s): chemotropism.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

chemotaxis

The movement of a cell or other living organism in a particular direction as a result of attraction by an increasing concentration of a chemical substance. Cells of the immune system find their prey by this means.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

chemotaxis

the orientation of a motile cell or an organism in relation to the presence of a particular chemical, the response to a chemorepellent being negative (moving away) and to a chemoattractant being positive (moving towards). For example, the movement of a wasp towards an attractive odour such as beer would be positive chemotaxis. Cells are able to detect changes in the concentration of the chemical and alter their mobility accordingly For example, bacteria will change their pattern of swimming and tumbling.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

che·mo·tax·is

, positive chemotaxis , negative chemotaxis (kē'mō-tak'sis, pozi-tiv, negă-tiv)
Movement of cells in response to chemicals, whereby the cells are attracted or repelled by substances exhibiting chemical properties.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Accumulation of coronin at the leading edge of chemotactically activated amoebae has been demonstrated with a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-coronin fusion protein (5).
The transformation of welfare is, as was clear by the end of Monday's session, a revolution without soul or solidarity, a matter of smelling money and drifting closer to it, the way an amoeba is driven, chemotactically, toward the molecular emanations of its prey.
It acts chemotactically on monocytes and neutrophils and activates them as macrophages.
Therefore, PCs not only chemotactically migrate to the site of angiogenesis, injury, or inflammation but also actively recruit other proinflammatory participants, includingmyeloid leukocytes, neutrophils, and macrophages.
Recent advances demonstrate that the low signal-to-noise ratio is because only capacitated spermatozoa are chemotactically responsive and the percentage of capacitation is low (approximately 10% in humans) (10).