chemoprophylaxis


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chemoprophylaxis

 [ke″mo-pro″fĭ-lak´sis]
prevention of disease by chemical means.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is

(kē'mō-pro'fi-lak'sis),
Prevention of disease by the use of chemicals or drugs. See: chemoprevention.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

chemoprophylaxis

(kē′mō-prō′fə-lăk′sĭs, kĕm′ō-)
n.
The use of chemicals or drugs to prevent disease, especially infections.

che′mo·pro′phy·lac′tic (-lăk′tĭk) n. & adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

chemoprophylaxis

The use of a chemical, usually a therapeutic, to prevent the occurrence of a disease, usually infectious–eg, malaria or TB. Cf Chemoprevention.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is

(kē'mō-prō'fi-lak'sis)
Prevention of disease by the use of chemicals or drugs.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

chemoprophylaxis

The use of drugs or antibacterial chemical agents to prevent the development or spread of infectious diseases.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is

(kē'mō-prō'fi-lak'sis)
Prevention of disease using chemicals or drugs.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, a patient with a Caprini score of [greater than or equal to] 2, who also had a clear contraindication to chemoprophylaxis, was automatically regarded as receiving the incorrect therapy.
Wherever possible, the team should encourage people to adopt healthy measures like chemoprophylaxis for Leptospirosis, like it did without criticising anyone or each other.
Anti- Toxoplasma Chemoprophylaxis Practices and Follow-up
We intended to include all randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials (RCT): prospective and retrospective cohort studies and case reports of chemoprophylaxis for children of MDR-TB patients.
Jawed Akhai, Chairman Martin Dow Group stated, 'We are happy to represent the 'Consensus guidelines on Chemoprophylaxis and Surgical Site Infections.' By introducing this handbook we hope to provide surgeons with guidelines to help ensure and enhance patient safety, by reducing infections and preventing drug resistance so antibiotics don't lose their efficacy.'
Chemoprophylaxis refers to the administration of a medication for the purpose of preventing disease or infection.
Similarly, participants were asked to select groups they perceived were most at risk of contracting leprosy and groups who would benefit from chemoprophylaxis.
The protective effect of SDR and BCG vaccination appears to be additive, approximating 80%.12,13Considering these findings, it is imperative that future leprosy control strategy should include chemoprophylaxis and immunoprophylaxis of contacts.
By 2006, malaria chemoprophylaxis was removed from the OIF force protection plan, but cases of Plasmodium vivax malaria began to accumulate from OEF.
(7,9,11,12) Even though data suggests that chemoprophylaxis reduces the incidence of VTE, several national and international organizations, including the American College of Chest Physicians, do not recommend pharmacologic prophylaxis after arthroscopic knee surgery unless the patient has a history of DVT.
There is limited evidence on optimal paediatric chemoprophylaxis to prevent disease in child contacts of MDR-TB cases, and the subject remains controversial.
immitis infections than domestic dogs because they are not confined to kennels or to households and are not covered by heartworm chemoprophylaxis programs.