The use of inorganic compounds or ions to obtain reducing equivalents and energy.
[chemo- + G. lithos, stone, mineral, + trophe, nourishment]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
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Stein, "Pathways and key intermediates required for obligate aerobic ammonia-dependent chemolithotrophy in bacteria and Thaumarchaeota," The ISME Journal, vol.
Life without light: microbial diversity and evidence of sulfur-and ammonium-based chemolithotrophy in Movile Cave.
In addition, one of the most exciting scientific discoveries of the past decade has been the discovery that microbial life exists in the subsurface at depths hitherto unanticipated--the so-called 'deep biosphere.' To date, studies of potential subsurface substrates necessary to support such deep microbial communities have focused largely on [H.sub.2]-based chemolithotrophy (5, 6).
Mallory and other researchers in Lechuguilla have discovered bacteria that, amazingly, oxidize minerals in a process called chemolithotrophy (which translates to eating of rocks).