chemolithotrophic

chemolithotrophic

 [ke″mo-lith´o-trōf´ik]
deriving energy from the oxidation of reduced inorganic compounds such as ferrous iron, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, or hydrogen; said of bacteria.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

che·mo·au·to·tro·phic

(kē'mō-aw-tō-trof'ik),
Pertaining to a chemoautotroph.
Synonym(s): chemolithotrophic
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

che·mo·au·to·tro·phic

(kē'mō-aw-tō-trō'fik)
Pertaining to a chemoautotroph.
Synonym(s): chemolithotrophic.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
This was interpreted as ecosystem development towards a more mature system and was attributed to a shift from chemolithotrophic to heterotrophic communities.
Several studies have shown that chemolithotrophic bacteria (these bacteria provide their energies from the oxidation of chemical compounds such as sulfur and hydrogen sulfide) play a role as primary producers in environments with a complete lack of light radiation and result in the development of heterotrophic microorganisms.
Conrad, "Chemolithotrophic acetogenic [H.sub.2]/C[O.sub.2] utilization in Italian rice field soil," ISME Journal, vol.
Activity of chemolithotrophic nitrifying bacteria under stress in natural soils.
Hydrothermal fluids create a suitable environment for many phototrophic and chemolithotrophic microorganisms (1,2).
For this unusual behavior, the native strains may be new species, which have been adapted to the medium and have a chemolithotrophic metabolism of different group of sulfur bacteria.
The bacteria, which are chemolithotrophic, obtain their energy from the oxidation of pyrite and added sulfur.
devanaterra was first described in acidic agricultural soils and was reported as a chemolithotrophic obligatory acidophilic soil ammonia oxidizer [62].
In the metabolic pathway, the conversion of [H.sub.2]S to S[O.sub.4] is referred to as chemolithotrophic oxidation of sulfur (Kelly, 1982) is favorable to odor reduction; therefore, higher S[O.sub.4] production is better.