chemolithoautotroph


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to chemolithoautotroph: Chemoheterotroph

chemolithoautotroph

(chē′mō-lĭth′ō-ô′tə-trŏf′, -trōf′, kĕm′ō-)
n.
A chemosynthetic organism that obtains energy from the oxidation of inorganic compounds and uses carbon dioxide as its sole source of carbon for growth. Also called chemoautotroph, chemolithotroph.

che′mo·lith′o·au′to·troph′ic adj.
che′mo·lith′o·au·tot′ro·phy (-ô-tŏt′rə-fē) n.
References in periodicals archive ?
In contrast, the lake in Gale Crater could have supported a simple class of rock-eating microbes, known as chemolithoautotrophs, which on Earth are commonly found in caves and hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor, Grotzinger said.
Such a lake would provide perfect conditions for simple microbial life such as chemolithoautotrophs to thrive in.
They said the conditions would have been particularly good for microbial life such as chemolithoautotrophs, which are commonly found in caves around hydrothermal vents on Earth and break down rocks and minerals for energy.
To get to grips fully with the subject of bacterial oxidation, one needs to be familiar with terms such as obligate chemolithoautotrophs and facultative autotrophs, coupled with a system which classifies bacteria as mesophiles, moderate thermophiles or extreme thermophiles.