chemoattractants


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Related to chemoattractants: chemotaxis, chemotaxin, chemotactic

che·mo·at·tract·ants

(kē'mō-a-trak'tints),
Chemical substances that influence the recruitment and migration of cells.
[chem- + attract + -i]
References in periodicals archive ?
Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (Darc) polymorphism regulates circulating concentrations of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and other inflammatory mediators.
Chemokines whose concentrations were measured in the present study included CXCL8 (IL-8), CXCL9 (monokine induced by gamma interferon), CXCL10 (interferon-gamma-induced protein 10 [IP-10]), CXCL11 (interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant), CCL4 (macrophage inflammatory protein 1[sz] [MIP-1[sz]]), CCL11 (eotaxin-1), CCL26 (eotaxin-3), CCL17 (thymus and activation-regulated chemokine [TARC]), CCL22 (macrophage-derived chemokine [MDC]), CCL2 (monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 [MCP-1]), and CCL13 (MCP-4).
To quantitate proinflammatory cytokine production in the lung tumor necrosis factor- (TNF-) a, monocyte chemoattractant protein- (MCP-) 1, Regulated on Activation, Normal T Cell Expressed and Secreted (RANTES), interleukin- (IL-) 6, IL-10, and IL-12 were determined in BALF by sandwich enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using murine-specific commercial kits (Quantikine Mouse cytokine assay kit, R&D Systems, USA).
Are there negative modulators of migration, such as anti-adhesins or repellents, in addition to chemoattractants and adhesion molecules?
2004), aromatic aldehydes used in perfumery, could act as chemoattractants in human and mouse sperm, respectively.
Neutrophils which arrive at the site of the infection amplify the chemotactic response by releasing the chemoattractants IL-8 and leukotriene [B.
Then, some time afterward, macrophages revive and additional macrophages are summoned to the lungs by chemoattractants to clean up the debris.
Human sperm chemotaxis: both the oocyte and its surrounding cumulus cells secrete sperm chemoattractants.
T-cell subset recruitment, we assessed the effects of AUB exposure on the levels of several chemoattractants [thymus and activation regulated chemokine CCL17 (TARC), complement factor 3a (C3a), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), and macrophage inflammatory protein la (MIP-l[alpha])], all of which are known to contribute to T cell-mediated inflammation (Gu et al.
They can also give rise to neutrophil-dependent vascular injury and contribute to increased vascular permeability, edema, and further release of chemoattractants, with a net pro-inflammatory effect.
In an animal study with experimental CaOX nephrolithiasis, production of chemoattractants leading to migration of monocytes and macrophages which can cause to localized interstitial inflammation and fibrosis to sites of interstitial crystal deposition were shown.
This fourth edition contains new chapters on cryokines, chemoattractants, and adhesion molecules, plus updated material on immunology of HIV infection and AIDS, and HIV treatment strategies.