chemical sympathectomy


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sympathectomy

 [sim″pah-thek´tah-me]
excision or interruption of some portion of the sympathetic nervous pathway. The operation produces temporary vasodilation leading to improved nutrition of the part supplied by the vessel. It is done in cases of partial arterial obstruction with resultant trophic changes distally.
chemical sympathectomy the interruption of the transmission of impulses through a sympathetic nerve by chemical agents.

Dopp·ler operation

(dop'lĕr),
destruction of periarterial sympathetic nerves by local injection of phenol.
See also: chemocautery.
References in periodicals archive ?
Previous studies also showed that chemical sympathectomy with 6-OHDA can delay reepithelialization in cutaneous wounds [12, 14].
[14] demonstrated that chemical sympathectomy led to reduced MC migration during cutaneous wound healing in rats.
Roeske, "Effects of chemical sympathectomy with 6-hydroxydopamine on aand [beta]-adrenoceptors and muscarinic cholinoceptors in rat kidney," European Journal of Pharmacology, vol.
(2001) demonstrated that chemical sympathectomy with 6-OHDA improves survival in mice infected with Listeria monocytogenes, with augmented production of IFN-g, IL-1b, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-6; conversely, noradrenaline inhibited their secretion, but no change was observed in IL-4.
After 7 days of inoculation, rats developed yellowish abscesses with well-delimited borders (arrow) (a); reduction of abscesses size (arrow) was observed when trophozoites inoculated rats were treated with vehicle (b); however, chemical sympathectomy with 6-OHDA induces size diminution of the abscess (arrow) (c).
A significant decrease on macrophages after chemical sympathectomy was observed.

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