chemical potential


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chem·i·cal po·ten·tial (μ),

a measure of how the Gibbs free energy of a phase depends on any change in the composition of that phase.

chem·i·cal po·ten·tial

(kem'i-kăl pŏ-ten'shăl)
A measurement of how the free energy of a phase depends on any change in the composition of that phase.
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References in periodicals archive ?
1-12, the chemical potential ([mu]) of a component in the available phases is used to predict the solubility of C[O.sub.2] in a polymer.
The aim of this work is to find the analytic solution of the N-dimensional radial Schrodinger equation with generalized Cornell potential at finite temperature and chemical potential using the analytical exact iteration method (AEIM) to obtain the energy eigenvalues, where the energy eigenvalues are only valid for nonzero temperature for any value of quark chemical potential.
Kundu, "Holographic thermalization with chemical potential," Journal of High Energy Physics, vol.
where [D.sub.1] and [D.sub.2] are the self-diffusion coefficients of the small molecule and polymer, respectively, [[mu].sub.1] is the chemical potential of small molecules in the polymer, [x.sub.1] and [x.sub.2] are mole fractions of the small molecule in the polymer and that of the polymer itself.
Taking into account the dependence of baryon chemical potential [[mu].sub.B] and temperature T on the variable [square root of ([S.sub.NN])], one can infer that the behaviour of these particle ratios maybe sensitive to the critical region of quark-hadron phase transition.
Chemical hardness (n) measures the resistance of an atom to a charge transfer [39], chemical hardness, chemical potential (u) and electronegativity (X) can be calculated with the help of the following equations from EHOMO and ELUMO [16]:
Molecular reactivity indices [20-26] such as chemical potential ([mu]), hardness ([eta]), and electrophilicity ([omega]) were computed from the energies of frontier orbitals (graphically represented in Figure 2 and summarized in Table 1) and defined in terms of ionization energy (I) and electron affinity (A) as follows:
The value can be obtained by a pressure transfer experiment under different chemical potential (Cretaceous clay [7]; Wakkanai mudstones [8]; Ghom shale [9]).
Here, [mu] is the chemical potential, and [[??].sub.i,[sigma]] = [[psi].sup.[dagger].sub.i,[sigma]] is the density operator on site i.
investigate the chiral phase transition at finite temperature and baryon chemical potential in the framework of the linear sigma model.
The particle mass and the chemical potential are m and [mu] respectively.
The global reactivity indices (electronic chemical potential [mu], chemical hardness [eta], global electrophilicity [omega], global nucleophilicity N) were estimated according to the equations recommended by Parr [15, 16] and Domingo [17, 18].