chemical peritonitis


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chem·i·cal per·i·to·ni·tis

peritonitis due to the escape of bile, contents of the gastrointestinal tract, or pancreatic juice into the peritoneal cavity; the contents of the fluid cause chemical injury, shock, and peritoneal exudation before any associated infection has occurred.

chem·i·cal per·i·to·ni·tis

(kem'i-kăl per'i-tō-nī'tis)
Peritonitis due to the escape of bile, contents of the gastrointestinal tract, or pancreatic juice into the peritoneal cavity; the contents of the fluid cause chemical injury, shock, and peritoneal exudation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet, our patient has developed a more serious sequelae, chronic chemical peritonitis, which could possibly affect pelvic organs and subsequent fertility in the long run.
In case of peritonitis, an option of chemical peritonitis should be kept in differential diagnosis.
precipitation of calcium carbonate during sterilization and loss of C[O.sub.2] form plastic containers and potential chemical peritonitis and severe abdominal pain.
Perforation of duodenal ulcer allows spillage of gastric and duodenal contents into the peritoneal cavity with a resulting initial chemical peritonitis. If there is continuing leakage of gastroduodenal contents, bacterial contamination of the peritoneal cavity can occur.
(4) Breach of the stomach wall leads to leakage of gastric contents into the peritoneal cavity, in turn leading to chemical peritonitis, which mandates laparotomy.
It can be reasoned that initially in gastro duodenal perforations there is chemical peritonitis and bacterial peritonitis appear after 72 hours while in colorectal perforations bacterial peritonitis develops at onset as maximum bacterial load is present in luminal content of colon.
(1) Meconium peritonitis is a chemical peritonitis to which body tries to wall off the inflammation which sometimes results in pseudocyst formation and dystrophic calcification.