chemical injury

chemical injury

Toxicology A caustic burn related to direct contact of a strong acid or base with a mucocutaneous surface–eyes, skin, respiratory tract, upper GI tract. See Chemical eye injury.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, any physical or chemical injury to the eye, prolong use of some topical eye drops or systemic medications, inflammations within the eye and changes in the composition of the fluid bathing the lens (called aqueous) as in diabetes can all lead to clumping and cloudiness of the natural lens protein and result in cataract.
She suffered an ocular chemical injury - which included eye pain, blurred vision, redness and a swollen eyelid, according to the BBC.  She was supposed to use VitA-POS, an eye ointment used to treat dry eyes and corneal erosions. The mix-up happened between her general practitioner and pharmacist, (https://www.bbc.com/news/health-46793916) BBC reported.
Similarly, it has a beneficial effect on the liver, protecting it against chemical injury.
Chemical injury acids and alkali, especially alkaline chemicals are most harmful for eye that includes daily use detergents and bleach.
25% to 40% patients having root canal treatment have complaint of pain after treatment.10 Causes of Post-endodontic pain are mostly microbial, mechanical or chemical injury of the pulp or periradicular tissues.11 Endodontic therapy produces local trauma and subsequent inflammation.
A shopkeeper washed Mr Bruce's eyes, but he was found to have suffered a "bilateral chemical injury" at hospital.
During the past three years, the accident and emergency department at Moorfields Eye Hospital has seen about 1500 cases of chemical injury to the eye.
In one study the amniotic graft was placed over the corneal graft and the donor limbal tissue over the amniotic membrane.22 In cases of chemical injury, there were 50% chances of corneal graft being successful on its own.
Teat injury occurs due to trauma, chemical injury, insects, environmental condition and milking machine (Sreenu et al., 2014).
(2) The patient presented due to a chemical injury to the right eye and silver-gray crystalline opacities were observed in the corneal stroma.
"If the traditional notion were true, that acute GERD is caused by refluxed acid directly inflicting lethal, chemical injury to surface epithelial cells, then basal cell and papillary hyperplasia would have been expected only in areas with surface erosions, and the infiltrating inflammatory cells would have been granulocytes primarily."

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