chemical injury

chemical injury

Toxicology A caustic burn related to direct contact of a strong acid or base with a mucocutaneous surface–eyes, skin, respiratory tract, upper GI tract. See Chemical eye injury.
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During the past three years, the accident and emergency department at Moorfields Eye Hospital has seen about 1500 cases of chemical injury to the eye.
22 In cases of chemical injury, there were 50% chances of corneal graft being successful on its own.
Out of the 5 patients who were conservatively managed, 3 were chemical injury patients and 2 were closed globe injuries presenting with hyphaema.
2) The patient presented due to a chemical injury to the right eye and silver-gray crystalline opacities were observed in the corneal stroma.
If the traditional notion were true, that acute GERD is caused by refluxed acid directly inflicting lethal, chemical injury to surface epithelial cells, then basal cell and papillary hyperplasia would have been expected only in areas with surface erosions, and the infiltrating inflammatory cells would have been granulocytes primarily.
Chronic irritations of such lesions involve chronic trauma, microbial infections and chemical injury.
Other terms for this very real and life-changing problem include environmental illness, sick building syndrome, chemical injury, and chemical intolerance.
Chemical gastropathy was recommended as the preferred term to synonyms such as chemical gastritis, type C gastritis and reactive gastropathy, and refers to endoscopic and histological changes caused by chemical injury to the gastric mucosa.
Ziem, who has taught occupational medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and occupational health policy at Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, evaluates and treats patients with chemical injury in her medical practice.
Brief case studies summarize the factual background and clinical findings presented during court cases involving DUI, false positive blood alcohol, drug interaction, breath alcohol measurement, bartender liability, criminal homicide, chemical injury, and workers' compensation.
Its etiology is usually multifactorial, including ischemic phenomenon, chemical injury to the tissue from gastric contents, and a decrease in effective mucosal defense barriers.

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