chemical disaster


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chemical disaster

the accidental release of a quantity of toxic chemicals into the environment, resulting in death or injury to workers or members of nearby communities. Examples include the release of methyl isocyanate from a chemical plant in Bhopal, India, at a cost of 2000 lives; and a nuclear accident at Chernobyl, Ukraine, requiring the removal of 160,000 people from their homes.

chemical disaster

The accidental release of large amounts of toxins into the environment. The effects suffered by people in the area are determined by the toxicity of the chemical, its speed in spreading, its composition (liquid, solid, or gaseous), and the spill site, esp. its proximity to a water supply or buildings. The major effect may be due to the chemical itself or to a resulting fire or explosion. The catastrophic release of chemicals may overwhelm, at least temporarily, local or regional health care resources.
See: chemical warfare
See also: disaster
References in periodicals archive ?
Significant differences occurred in rural counties that did not know "what to do or who to contact" in response to a chemical disaster.
A detailed analysis of capacities and capabilities of all the available disaster response agencies, both in Government and Non-Governmental Organizations(NGOs), to response potential chemical disaster, was made for each district of the Punjab.
Inevitably, the commands from the decision makers to the on-scene personnel of the next chemical disaster will be to not let anybody into the area until the situation is clear.
The new state-of-the-art facility will be the only one in the region equipped to handle mass decontamination from a major chemical disaster or other public health emergency.
combating disaster from R&D E (E) and VRDE, Management of Biological and Chemical Disaster by DRDE, Communication Technologies for Disaster by DEAL, Medical Management of Disaster by INMAS, Drinking Water Solutions by DLJ, Landslide Disaster by DTRL, Detection Technologies by NPOL, Avalanche Disaster by SASE, Food and Fire Fighting by DFRL and CFEES respectively.
It was for the first time that chemicals including high levels of cyanides were traced in human bodies after a massive chemical disaster.
All that was common between Shamshuddin, a private sector executive, and Srikant, a roadside vendor, as also of dozens others, was their common concern for the continued denial of justice for the victims of Bhopal chemical disaster, exactly 25 years ago.
1994: Merseyside fire fighters were hailed as heroes after risking their lives to prevent a major chemical disaster in Ellesmere Port.
But now firemen up and down the country are desperately worried because of the growing risk of an anthrax attack or chemical disaster.
The high-risk designation, officially named "Seveso, " was put in place after a 1976 chemical disaster in the Italian village of Seveso, where a pharmaceutical factory malfunctioned, producing a toxic cloud containing dioxin.
The high-risk designation, officially named 'Seveso,' was put in place after a 1976 chemical disaster in the Italian village of Seveso, where a pharmaceutical factory malfunctioned, producing a toxic cloud containing dioxin.
A coalition of environmental, health and human rights groups released "Beyond the Chemical Century: Restoring Human Rights and Preserving the Fabric of Life" in early December to mark the fifteenth anniversary of what they describe as "the worst industrial chemical disaster in history.
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