To repair that, there are several options, either chemical denervation
of the muscles in order to decrease the amount that the frontalis muscle has to raise the brows, or surgically with a combination of a Browlift with an upper eyelid incision.
showed BoTAs chemical denervation effect on the biceps femoris muscle, and another study by Akcal et al.
studied BoTA's protective effect in reperfused muscle and demonstrated that chemical denervation with BoTA was equal to surgically denervating muscles to protect against IR injury.
BOSTON -- When it comes to chemical denervation, it is best to aim for modulation rather than paralysis, according to Anthony Rossi, MD.
Younger patients are coming in for cosmetic procedures in increasing numbers, and use of chemical denervation in these patients, compared with in older patients, may be more likely to change facial expressions and appearance.
(1) When injected into the detrusor muscle, partial chemical denervation
of the muscle occurs, manifesting as local muscle paralysis.
Injections of very small amounts of Botox to the affected, hyperfunctional laryngeal muscles weaken them by blocking the nerve impulses (chemical denervation
He termed the results of this chemical denervation
of the sweat glands in the targeted areas "very promising."
Slight left-sided muscle atrophy began to manifest at 6 months, a finding that we attributed to chemical denervation
of the muscle.
Botulinum toxin, which causes temporary chemical denervation
of the cholinergic nerve fibers, has also been used successfully to manage sialoceles.