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Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
chemical colitisSoap colitis An acute inflammatory colitis after a 'cleansing' enema; although classically associated with soapsuds, acute CC may also occur after rectal instillation of a wide range of 'insulting fluids' including herbal concoctions, H2O2, vinegar, potassium permanganate, sodium diatrizoate–Hypaque, glutaraldehyde, Fleet's Phospho-Soda enema or inappropriate fluids, which may have hypertonic, detergent, or directly toxic effects Clinical Pain, cramping, anaphylaxis, serosanguineous diarrhea, hypovolemia, hemoconcentration; if the mucosal damage is severe, bacteria may penetrate the mucosa, cause sepsis, hypokalemia, pseudomembrane formation, hemorrhagic necrosis, intestinal gangrene, and acute renal failure. See Colon therapy, Detoxification therapy, High colonic.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.