chemical burn


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chem·i·cal burn

a burn due to a caustic chemical.

chemical burn

tissue damage caused by exposure to a strong acid or alkali, such as phenol, creosol, mustard gas, or phosphorus. See also acid burn, acid poisoning, alkali burn, alkali poisoning.

chemical burn

Opthalmology A topical eye injury evoked by toxic fluids; untreated CBs can rapidly lead to permanent blindness; alkalines are more dangerous than acids as the high pH causes saponification of membranes with cell disruption and cell death; acids coagulate the superficial proteins, limiting the toxic agent's penetration Agents Ammonia derivatives–cleaning agents, fertilizers, refrigerants, lime products–plaster, mortar Management Irrigate with water, saline or any neutral pH liquid ASAP X ≥ 10 mins

chemical burn,

n tissue damage resulting from exposure to a strong alkali or acid.

chemical burn 

An injury caused, usually, by alkali (e.g. ammonia, caustic potash, lime, sodium hydroxide) or acid (e.g. hydrochloric, sulphuric). The type and severity of the injury depends on the properties of the chemical and upon which ocular tissue is involved. However, alkali burns are more severe than acid burns because they penetrate the tissues more rapidly and more deeply. In all cases, immediate copious irrigation is crucial, followed by a topicalanaesthetic to relieve pain. Irrigation is continued until repeated measurements of ocular pH reach and retain a normal value. Treatment includes cycloplegics, antibiotics, steroids, ascorbate (only in alkali burns) to restore collagen synthesis, and glaucoma medication may be needed to prevent an increase of intraocular pressure. In some cases, surgery may also be required.

Patient discussion about chemical burn

Q. How do you tell the difference between chemical burns, and burns from fire? Please don't spare on gross words i would like to know everything there is to burns.

A. Here is a ton of info on both-
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_burn
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burn_%28injury%29

More discussions about chemical burn
References in periodicals archive ?
This bulletin will advise you that Corporate IHMS and Medical have approved "DIPHOTERINE", as an alternative to plumbed-in fixtures (eye wash/safety showers), for emergency first aid treatment of chemical burns.
The finalists are: Honey the cat -blasted in the face with a marble-sized metal ball-bearing; Ozzy the cat - lost his leg after being attacked by a dog; Penny the Pointer - survived a 50mph collision with a lorry; Ruby the kitten - had severe chemical burns to her head and back; Suki the Miniature Schnauzer - had prolapsed intestines after a dog attack; Ziggy the Staffie - was shot through the head with a crossbow.
She remained in hospital for three days, receiving treatment for corrosive chemical burns to her mouth and oesophagus.
Hazard: The case-back of the watch can detach and expose the interior to water, posing a risk of skin irritation, redness, rashes or chemical burns.
She had been attacked with ammonia in 1984 and suffered severe chemical burns to her right eye.
The injuries included apparent chemical burns and one man had a possible broken bone, Petty Officer 3rd Class Amanda Norcross said.
In 2010, Argos and several other high street retailers agreed to pay out up to PS20m in compensation to about 2,000 customers who reported that they had received chemical burns from their leather sofas.
Whether the Florida sunshine gives you a nasty burn or it's something more serious like fire, electrical or chemical burns, second- or third-degree burns should be medically treated (for first-degree, cool water, aloe and ibuprofen should do the trick).
Doctors are being urged to take greater care after the deaths and 25 more cases of chemical burns in the UK to tiny tots disinfected with chlorhexidine.
The body of the illegal worker, which was found in Al Ajaban, was found wrapped in cloth and covered with chemical burns.
They are unusual in that they are linear, unliKe typical round or oval ulcers caused by infection or chemical burns.