chemical burn


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chem·i·cal burn

a burn due to a caustic chemical.

chemical burn

tissue damage caused by exposure to a strong acid or alkali, such as phenol, creosol, mustard gas, or phosphorus. See also acid burn, acid poisoning, alkali burn, alkali poisoning.

chemical burn

Opthalmology A topical eye injury evoked by toxic fluids; untreated CBs can rapidly lead to permanent blindness; alkalines are more dangerous than acids as the high pH causes saponification of membranes with cell disruption and cell death; acids coagulate the superficial proteins, limiting the toxic agent's penetration Agents Ammonia derivatives–cleaning agents, fertilizers, refrigerants, lime products–plaster, mortar Management Irrigate with water, saline or any neutral pH liquid ASAP X ≥ 10 mins

chemical burn,

n tissue damage resulting from exposure to a strong alkali or acid.

chemical burn 

An injury caused, usually, by alkali (e.g. ammonia, caustic potash, lime, sodium hydroxide) or acid (e.g. hydrochloric, sulphuric). The type and severity of the injury depends on the properties of the chemical and upon which ocular tissue is involved. However, alkali burns are more severe than acid burns because they penetrate the tissues more rapidly and more deeply. In all cases, immediate copious irrigation is crucial, followed by a topicalanaesthetic to relieve pain. Irrigation is continued until repeated measurements of ocular pH reach and retain a normal value. Treatment includes cycloplegics, antibiotics, steroids, ascorbate (only in alkali burns) to restore collagen synthesis, and glaucoma medication may be needed to prevent an increase of intraocular pressure. In some cases, surgery may also be required.

Patient discussion about chemical burn

Q. How do you tell the difference between chemical burns, and burns from fire? Please don't spare on gross words i would like to know everything there is to burns.

A. Here is a ton of info on both-
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_burn
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burn_%28injury%29

More discussions about chemical burn
References in periodicals archive ?
17) There are limited data in the literature regarding the use of limbal stem cell transplantation in pediatric patients following chemical burns.
During 2001-2013, one death and 48 chemical burns from exposure to HF-based products used during car and truck washing, including auto detailing, were reported in Washington.
Willow's chemical burn was likely the result of D&C Red No.
This bulletin will advise you that Corporate IHMS and Medical have approved "DIPHOTERINE", as an alternative to plumbed-in fixtures (eye wash/safety showers), for emergency first aid treatment of chemical burns.
Police said: "Police were called to reports that a man had suffered chemical burns at a premises on Lever Street,in Bolton.
Her victim was left with scarring on his leg from chemical burns.
Collins, 25, is serving 20 years for throwing the liquid across a crowded dancefloor, leaving 16 people with chemical burns and three temporarily blinded.
The covers contain dangerous liquid substances, therefore a breakage in the covers will lead to leakage of the liquid which will result in chemical burns or inflammation of the skin.
According to him, the first step in helping to prevent children from getting burns is to understand the common causes of burns, which include: Liquid injuries (usually scalds) from steam, hot bath water, coffee (and other hot drinks), hot foods and cooking liquids; contact with flames (from the cooker or BBQ) or hot objects (such as clothes irons, curling irons or hair straighteners); chemical burns from swallowing liquids and items such as drain cleaner or watch batteries, or spilling chemicals, such as bleach, onto the skin; electrical burns from biting on electrical cords or sticking fingers or objects into electrical outlets; and overexposure to the sun.
AMUM from Newport is warning other parents after her daughter suffered chemical burns caused by a common British weed.
Jodie Foster said Skylan, who is almost two, was left with what looked like chemical burns and blisters around the back of his legs and on his bottom within half-an-hour of her putting him in the nappy - one of a pack of own-brand nappies she bought from the Wilko store in New Street, Huddersfield.
On Monday, a woman in Newton Aycliffe was left with chemical burns after a group of teenagers sprayed a corrosive substance in her face.