This cross-sectional and descriptive study included interviews of 100 female caregivers, aged between 18 and 50 years old, with at least primary education, and whose children were in the intraoperative period for primary reparatory surgery of cheiloplasty and/or palatoplasty.
Data were collected during the hospitalization of children in the intraoperative phase, a time when children were undergoing cheiloplasty and/or palatoplasty surgeries, and lasted 30 minutes on average.
Regarding the type of fissure, 20% had cleft lip (CL), 37% had cleft palate (CP) and 43% had cleft lip and palate (CLP); 36% underwent cheiloplasty, 37% palatoplasty, and 27% underwent both cheiloplasty and palatoplasty.
The children were aged 10 months on average; labio-palatal fissure was more prevalent; and children underwent cheiloplasty and palatoplasty procedures, which show that the protocol concerning primary surgeries according to the age of the child was followed; a similar result is presented by Trettene et al., (2013).
This study sample of 23 neonates without mortality and minimal morbidity has convinced us that neonatal cheiloplasty
is safe;  although the smallest patient weighed only 1.8 kg, owing to advances in neonatology, paediatric anaesthesia and surgery, low weight was less of a contraindication to surgery.
Rhytidectomy (face-lift) Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery) Browlift Rhinoplasty ("nose job") Otoplasty (correction of ear deformity) Skin resurfacing (chemical peel, laser, or dermabrasion) Volume regeneration (e.g., fat or fillers) Chemical denervation (e.g., botulinum toxin) Cheiloplasty
(lip augmentation) Implants (e.g., chin or cheek) Submentoplasty (correction of waddles beneath the chin) Liposuction/contouring TABLE 2.