characteristic curve


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char·ac·ter·is·tic curve

sensitometric curve of radiographic film, a plot of the film density versus the logarithm of the relative exposure.

characteristic curve

[ker′əktəris′tik]
a graphic relationship between the optic density (blackness) of an x-ray film and the exposure. Also called D log E curve, Hurter and Driffield curve, sensitometric curve.

curve

(kurv) [L. curvus, bent, crooked]
A bend, chart, or graph.

bell curve

Normal distribution.

curve of Carus

See: curve of Carus

characteristic curve

Sensitometric curve.

dental curve

Curve of Spee.

D log E curve

Sensitometric curve.

dose response curve

A graph charting the effect of a specific dose of drug, chemical, or ionizing radiation.

dye-dilution curve

A graph of the disappearance rate of a known amount of injected dye from the circulation; used to measure cardiac function.

epidemic curve

A chart or graph in which the number of new cases of an illness is plotted over time.

Gaussian curve

Normal distribution.

growth curve

A graph of heights and weights, head circumference, and body mass index of infants and children of various ages. A line connecting the data points produces the curve. Usually the changes in height and weight are shown on the same chart. Growth charts are specific for age and gender.

learning curve

The effect of learning or practice on the performance of an intellectual or physical task. The term describes the acquisition of competence with experience, time, and training.

normal curve

Normal distribution.

receiver operating curve

Abbreviation: ROC curve
A plot of the fraction of true positives test results versus the fraction of false positive test results; the sensitivity of a test versus (1-the test specificity).
Synonym: receiver operating characteristic

sensitometric curve

In radiographic film analysis, the curve derived by graphing the exposure to the film versus the film density. Analysis yields information about the contrast, speed, latitude, and maximum and minimum densities of the film or film-screen system. Digital radiography systems exhibit linear curves.
Synonym: characteristic curve; D log E curve; Hurter and Driffield curve

curve of Spee

See: curve of Spee

Stephan curve

See: Stephan curve

survival curve

In radiobiology, a dose response curve.

time-temperature cooling curve

The mathematical relation that plots the physical and chemical behaviors of dental (and other) materials as their temperature decreases over time.

characteristic

1. character.
2. typical of an individual or other entity. See also character.

characteristic curve
the photographic characteristics of an emulsion on an x-ray film based on plotting the density of the image obtained against the logarithm of the exposure under specified conditions of development.
characteristic radiation
nearly homogeneous radiation produced in the target of the x-ray tube when orbital electrons are knocked out and replaced by electrons from outer shells.
characteristic x-rays
see characteristic radiation (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
Figure 2 depicts the characteristic curve of Fan-1 at speed [N.
3] is determined by the shapes of the characteristic curve.
Figure 2, A and B, illustrates the receiver operating characteristic curves for FIT results and colorectal carcinoma for FIT results and colonic adenoma.
Under an IRT model, the person's trait level is estimated from the person's responses to individual items and the 'performance' of each item can be evaluated using item parameters depicted in item characteristic curves, item information curves, and test information curves.
In addition to the curve fitting precision, the uncertainty in the in-situ characteristic curve is also caused by uncertainty in each of the physical sensors as well.
2001: Mathematical attributes of some soil-water characteristic curve models.
For example, the characteristic curve on the roof has a kink as shown in Fig.
A receiver--operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that the 20-day cut point predicted high or low future survival of postmetamorphic abalone 73.
Considered the previous ponderations, a primal characteristic for the feasibility of knowledge and ability comparison of respondents who were submitted to different proofs is that the Item Response Theory models the probability of an item to be right, also known as Item Characteristic Curve, by means of non linear function of knowledge.

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