chamomile


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cham·o·mile

(kam'ō-mīl),
The flowering heads of Anthemis nobilis (family Compositae); a stomachic.
Synonym(s): camomile
[G. chamaimēlon, chamomile, fr. chamai, on the ground, + mēlon, apple]

chamomile

Ayurvedic medicine
Chamomile has been used for women’s complaints, indigestion and colicky children.

Herbal medicine
An annual herb, the flowers of which contain choline, coumarins (e.g., umbelliferone), cyanogenic glycosides, flavonoids (e.g., rutin), salicylate derivatives, tannins and volatile oils (e.g., bisabolol and chamazulene). Chamomile is administered as a tea, extract, tincture or ointment. German chamomile tea is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, anxiolytic, carminative, expectorant and sedative; it has been used to treat acne, anxiety, asthma, bacterial and fungal infections, colicky infants, diarrhoea, flatulence, gout, headaches, indigestion, insomnia, irritable bowel, menstrual cramping, pruritus, rheumatic disease and sciatica. In Russia, Roman chamomile is used for colds, gastric complaints, colitis, as a sedative gargle, and topically for eczema and inflammation.

Most herbalists use German chamomile and Roman chamomile interchangeably.
 
Homeopathy
See Chamomilla.
  
Pseudomedicine
An essence in the pseudoscience of flower therapy which is believed to balance emotions, calm nerves and brighten moods.

cham·o·mile

, camomile (kam'ŏ-mīl)
(Matricaria) Herbal agent used in infusions for stomach disorders; alleged to induce sleep; some topical use reported; danger in pregnant women due to abortifacient properties.
[G. chamaimēlon, chamomile, fr. chamai, on the ground, + mēlon, apple]

chamomile

A drug used in ointments for the treatment of nappy rash, chapped skin or sore nipples. A brand name is Kamillosan.
References in periodicals archive ?
Per Zhou, although sleep is affected by a wide variety of factors, a cup of chamomile tea can help you sleep if you believe it will.
Future prospects and current trends of the global chamomile market by the end of forecast period (2018-2025)
Testosterone levels decreased significantly from baseline to 12 weeks in the chamomile group compared to the placebo group, but there were no statistically significant differences between the groups for changes in triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and DHEAS or for the LH/FSH ratio.
We analyzed 21 medicinal plants including linden (n=7), chamomile (n=7) and sage (n=7) unpacked samples collected from traditional bazaars in Istanbul.
The effect of different concentrations of growth regulators NAA herbicide and Kinetin on embryogenesis of explants obtained from the vegetative parts of chamomile: Analysis of variance and comparison of averages of these traits are shown in Tables 2 &3.
Participants were to not have consumed chamomile in the previous four weeks, and have no regular intake of aspirin, anti-inflammatory medications, danazol, bromocriptine, or tamoxifen.
In order to prepare the whole-plant chamomile extract, a half kilogram of chamomile flower was dried at 25[degrees]C and was protected from direct sunlight.
Lauxen et al., "Effect of topical chamomile on immunohistochemical levels of IL-1[beta] and TNF-[alpha] in 5-fluorouracil-induced oral mucositis in hamsters," Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology, vol.
The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of chamomile flower extract (CFE) on broilers' performance, carcass traits and meat quality under refrigerated storage conditions.
Study was planned to evaluate urease inhibitory efficacy of aqueous-ethanol extract of medicinal plants including Mentha piperita, Violo odorata, Trachyspermum copticum, Metricarea chamomile and Foeniculum vulgare, traditionally used for management of gastrointestinal disorders.
Short-term chamomile treatment for generalised anxiety disorder