cervical dystonia


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Related to cervical dystonia: Cervical dysplasia

cervical dystonia

Spasmodic torticollis, see there.

dystonia

(dis-to'ne-a) [ dys- + tono- + -ia]
Prolonged involuntary muscular contractions that may cause twisting (torsion) of body parts, repetitive movements, and increased muscular tone. These movements may be in the form of rhythmic jerks. The condition may progress in childhood, but progression is rare in adults. In children the legs are usually affected first.dystonic (-ton'ik), adjective

Etiology

Many childhood dystonias are genetically inherited. Drugs used to treat psychosis, Parkinson disease, strokes, brain tumors, toxic levels of manganese or carbon dioxide, and viral encephalitis may produce dystonia.

Treatment

Offending drugs are withdrawn, and the patient may be treated with diphenhydramine. Focal dystonias, such as blepharospasm or torticollis, may be treated with injected botulinum toxin, which paralyzes hypertonic muscle groups. Physiotherapy may also be helpful. Other treatments include physical therapy, deep brain stimulation, and pallidotomy.

cervical dystonia

Spasmodic torticollis.

focal dystonia

Prolonged contraction affecting a single body part or a group of muscles, e.g., in the neck or hand. The most common focal dystonias are blepharospasm, torticollis, and writer's (musician's) cramp.

idiopathic torsion dystonia

A relatively uncommon, progressive neurological syndrome beginning in childhood and marked by twisting postures of the neck, limbs, and/or pelvis. The condition is an autosomal dominant trait.
Synonym: dystonia musculorum deformans

dystonia musculorum deformans

Idiopathic torsion dystonia.

tardive dystonia

Tardive dyskinesia.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2017, our clinical trials demonstrated RT002's ability to provide patients long-acting performance and duration of effect, with potentially just two treatments a year in both glabellar lines and cervical dystonia.
Unilateral pallidal stimulation in cervical dystonia.
LN hyperechogenicity was more frequently detected in the cervical dystonia subgroup (73% vs.
Treatment with botulinum toxin in a patient with myasthenia gravis and cervical dystonia.
Temporal discrimination, a cervical dystonia endophenotype: penetrance and functional correlates.
Teive, "Pain relief in cervical dystonia with botulinum toxin treatment," Toxins, vol.
The aims of our study are to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics and to evaluate response to long-term botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) therapy and co-existent movement disorders in patients with cervical dystonia (CD) who were followed up at our clinic.
In a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (Study 131) conducted by Eisai in Japan in patients with cervical dystonia, NerBloc showed statistically significant improvement in TWSTRS (Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale) total score from baseline to week four versus placebo.
BOTOX(R) has already received approval for other indications such as Blepharospasm, Cervical Dystonia, Hemifacial Spasm and associated Focal Dystonias, for the treatment of Focal Spasticity as seen in ambulant pediatric cerebral palsy patients two years of age or older and in adult post stroke patients.
Cervical dystonia causes neck muscles to tighten without your control, restricting movement and making it hard to do tasks like getting dressed or driving.
Dysport (abobotulinum toxin A) has been approved for the treatment of cervical dystonia and glabellar lines, bringing competition to Botox (botulinum toxin type A).
There also have been some serious side effects reported in adults receiving the toxin for cervical dystonia or spasticity.