cervical dystonia


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Related to cervical dystonia: Cervical dysplasia

cervical dystonia

Spasmodic torticollis, see there.

dystonia

(dis-to'ne-a) [ dys- + tono- + -ia]
Prolonged involuntary muscular contractions that may cause twisting (torsion) of body parts, repetitive movements, and increased muscular tone. These movements may be in the form of rhythmic jerks. The condition may progress in childhood, but progression is rare in adults. In children the legs are usually affected first.dystonic (-ton'ik), adjective

Etiology

Many childhood dystonias are genetically inherited. Drugs used to treat psychosis, Parkinson disease, strokes, brain tumors, toxic levels of manganese or carbon dioxide, and viral encephalitis may produce dystonia.

Treatment

Offending drugs are withdrawn, and the patient may be treated with diphenhydramine. Focal dystonias, such as blepharospasm or torticollis, may be treated with injected botulinum toxin, which paralyzes hypertonic muscle groups. Physiotherapy may also be helpful. Other treatments include physical therapy, deep brain stimulation, and pallidotomy.

cervical dystonia

Spasmodic torticollis.

focal dystonia

Prolonged contraction affecting a single body part or a group of muscles, e.g., in the neck or hand. The most common focal dystonias are blepharospasm, torticollis, and writer's (musician's) cramp.

idiopathic torsion dystonia

A relatively uncommon, progressive neurological syndrome beginning in childhood and marked by twisting postures of the neck, limbs, and/or pelvis. The condition is an autosomal dominant trait.
Synonym: dystonia musculorum deformans

dystonia musculorum deformans

Idiopathic torsion dystonia.

tardive dystonia

Tardive dyskinesia.
References in periodicals archive ?
(5) suggested that a subclinic basal ganglia lesion coupled with a lesion affecting the systems that control head and neck movements (including the vestibular system) causes cervical dystonia. Stimulation of the nucleus of Cajal, which is closely related to vestibular nuclei, initiates rotational head movements toward the side of the stimulus (5).
Unilateral globus pallidus internus stimulation improves delayed onset post-traumatic cervical dystonia with an ipisilateral focal basal ganglia lesion.
To date, only BTXA and BTXB serotypes have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for clinical use including cervical dystonia, severe primary axillary hyperhidrosis, strabismus, blepharospasm, hemifacial spasm, and glabellar wrinkles for BTXA and cervical dystonia for BTXB.
In our patients, cervical dystonia developed within a few days of clebopride use.
A total of 70 patients (cervical dystonia, n = 30; blepharospasm, n = 30; oromandibular dystonia, n = 10) and 50 controls were included in the final analysis.
Treatment of cervical dystonia with botulinum toxin in a patient with myasthenia gravis.
We use it in small doses to treat health problems, including temporary smoothing of facial wrinkles and improving your appearance, severe underarm sweating, cervical dystonia - a neurological disorder that causes severe neck and shoulder muscle contractions, blepharospasm - uncontrollable blinking, strabismus - misaligned eyes, chronic migraine and overactive bladder.
It is highly effective in focal dystonia like cervical dystonia and blepharospasm hemifacial spasm.
The Canadian multicentre study of deep brain stimulation for cervical dystonia. Brain.
Cervical dystonia (CD), the most common form of late-onset focal dystonia, is characterized by sustained or intermittent neck muscle contractions causing abnormal head movements and postures [2, 3].
Cervical dystonia (CD) is a movement disorder, characterized by abnormal head, neck, and shoulder posture due to repetitive clonic and tonic involuntary contractions in muscles of the neck and shoulder region (1,2).
They discuss the pretherapeutic history of botulinum neurotoxin, the history of its clinical development, its pharmacology and immunological properties, and treatments for cervical dystonia, blepharospasm, oromandibular dystonia, laryngeal muscle hyperactivity syndromes, otorhinolaryngological conditions, hemifacial spasm, spasticity, spastic infantile cerebral palsy, tic disorders, essential hand and head tremor, stiff-person syndrome, ophthalmological applications, cosmetic uses, hyperhidrosis, ischemic digits, neuropathic pain, headaches, musculoskeletal pain and arthritis, plantar fasciitis, low-back pain, piriformis syndrome, the gastrointestinal tract, and urological disorders.