cervical disk syndrome

cervical disk syndrome

Neurosurgery A condition caused by cervical cord or root displacement or compression–often at multiple levels, characterized by radicular–suboccipital, cervical, interscapular, and thoracic pain that radiates into the upper extremities, aggrevated by movement, accompanied by paresthesias, and dysesthesias in cervical dermatomes; CDS may be accompanied by muscle fasciculations, spasms, and atrophy, lower extremity spasticity with extensor plantar sign, and spastic bladder Diagnosis Narrowed disk spaces, osteophytes, or spinal stenosis by radiology, myelography, CT, MRI Treatment-medical Immobilization, traction in a neutral position, transcutaneous injection of enzymes–eg collagenase, to dissolve cartilage Treatment-surgical Decompression with laminotomy, foraminotomy, total diskectomy via bilateral laminotomy followed by interbody fusion
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.