cerebrovascular accident


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accident

 [ak´sĭ-dent]
an unforeseen occurrence, especially one of an injurious nature.
cerebral vascular accident (cerebrovascular accident (CVA)) stroke syndrome.

cer·e·bro·vas·cu·lar ac·ci·dent (CVA),

an imprecise term for cerebral stroke.

cerebrovascular accident

n. Abbr. CVA
See stroke1.

cerebrovascular accident

Stroke, cerebral hemorrhage Neurology Sudden death of brain cells due to ↓ O2 2º to vascular obstruction or ruptured cerebral artery Clinical Abrupt unilateral weakness, paralysis Diagnosis CT, MRI Prevention Control HTN, DM Prevention Carotid endarterectomy ↓ risk of future stroke; in asymptomatic Pts with stenosed carotids; CVA risk ↓ with aspirin and ticlopidine–Ticlid, which have antiplatelet activity. See Stroke, Transient ishemic attack.

cer·e·bro·vas·cu·lar ac·ci·dent

(CVA) (ser'ĕ-brō-vas'kyū-lăr ak'si-dĕnt)
An imprecise term for cerebral stroke.

cerebrovascular accident

Medical jargon or euphemism for any of the events causing STROKE, such as cerebral thrombosis, cerebral haemorrhage or EMBOLISM of a cerebral artery.

Patient discussion about cerebrovascular accident

Q. Stroke My granny got stroke. Now she is in the hospital, but she doesn't identify me or my mother. When I asked her what are the season now - she answers that it's winter now. I don't know how to help her. What I have to prepare for?

A. I was sorry to hear about your grandmother. You should remeber that after the initial phase, there may be changes in her functioning, especially with rehabilitation program. It's a vast subject, so you can read about it here (http://www.stroke.org.uk/information/after_a_stroke/), and also talk to other people in the stroke community here (http://www.imedix.com/Stroke)

Q. Migraine stroke Hi, I'm 58 years-old male and I have migraines with aura since age 14. Two weeks ago, I felt weakness in the left side of my body, and at the hospital the doctors told me I had a stroke. I underwent several tests, but they still don't know the cause for the stroke (my lab tests are normal; I don't have diabetes or hypertension). My neurologist said that although it's very rare, he thinks that my stroke was caused by my migraine. I tried to find information about it, but couldn't find much – do you know where I can get some more info? Thanks!

A. I supposedly had two strokes that caused one sided weakness and temporary aphasia. The most recent time it happened, I went to a different hospital's ER where their neurologist and stroke specialist told me I have "complex migraines." Apparently this type of migraine can mimic a stroke with all the symptoms. If you look up "complex migraine" at webmd.com or other similar sites, it will give you more informaton. My opinion, for what it's worth, is that I'd rather have a migraine than another stroke since migraines can be treated with preventive meds and/or meds that help the symptoms once it gets started.

Q. What Are the Risk Factors for Developing Stroke? My father had a stroke recently, at the age of 73. What are the risk factors for developing this?

A. Primary risk factors include:

1) smoking
2) excessive alcohol intake
3) uncontrolled high blood pressure
4) high cholesterol
5) overweight/unhealthy diet
6) illegal drugs/abuse of Rx drugs
7) known or unknown heart problems
8) diabetes
9) known or unknown vascular brain defects - aneurysm, etc.
10)family history of stroke

More discussions about cerebrovascular accident
References in periodicals archive ?
The results of this study showed a significant influence of ACE polymorphism on cerebrovascular accident. Two meta-analyses reported significant positive associations between the D allele and ischemic stroke [11].
The damage suffered in cerebrovascular accidents and other forms of central nervous system injury may disrupt the brain-gut axis, thus disrupting the regulatory control of gastrointestinal pacing with resultant alteration of ICC phenotype and density now associated with many forms of gastrointestinal dysmotility.
The outcomes analysed in this study included intraoperative and postoperative transfusion requirements, bleeding requiring surgical re-exploration, maximum postoperative creatinine concentrations, maximum postoperative renal Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) Score (9), the requirement for acute renal replacement therapy, occurrence of postoperative atrial fibrillation or cerebrovascular accident, length of ICU and hospital stay and hospital mortality.
Methods: Eleven (eight men and three women) community-dwelling subjects with hemiplegia due to cerebrovascular accident and voluntarily agreed to participate.
A STROKE, or cerebrovascular accident, happens when there is a sudden change in the blood supply to part of the brain.
A 49-year-old African-American woman with a history of grand mal epileptic seizures, hypertension, status post cerebrovascular accident (CVA), congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation and diabetes mellitus came to our hospital for MR procedures.
As the study was retrospective, we limited the previous medical history to four clearly obtainable items: congestive heart failure (NYHA 3 or 4) myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Whether damage to the brain is sustained traumatically through an open or closed head injury, or by a cerebrovascular accident such as an aneurysm or stroke, primary damage occurring at the time of injury or accident can result in secondary damage as a result of edema (swelling of the brain), hemorrhage, or the formation of a hematoma (sac filled with blood) (Falvo, 1991; Namerow, 1987; Rehab Brief, 1989).
It comprised patients of either gender between 20 and 70 years of age without prior history of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or vascular disease.
According to WHO, Cerebrovascular accident is the second most dreaded disease after myocardial infarction in the world.
The differential diagnosis for our patient's decline and altered mentation weeks after the initial event included worsening normal pressure hydrocephalus, cerebrovascular accident, and seizure.