cerebrovascular accident

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an unforeseen occurrence, especially one of an injurious nature.
cerebral vascular accident (cerebrovascular accident (CVA)) stroke syndrome.

cer·e·bro·vas·cu·lar ac·ci·dent (CVA),

an imprecise term for cerebral stroke.

cerebrovascular accident

n. Abbr. CVA
See stroke1.

cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

an abnormal condition of the brain characterized by occlusion by an embolus, thrombus, or cerebrovascular hemorrhage or vasospasm, resulting in ischemia of the brain tissues normally perfused by the damaged vessels. The sequelae of a cerebrovascular insult depend on the location and extent of ischemia. Paralysis, weakness, sensory change, speech defect, aphasia, or death may occur. Symptoms remit somewhat after the first few days as brain swelling subsides. In the United States, 80% of cerebrovascular incidents are ischemic and 20% are hemorrhagic. Also called brain attack, cerebrovascular insult, stroke.
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Effects of a cerebrovascular accident

cerebrovascular accident

Stroke, cerebral hemorrhage Neurology Sudden death of brain cells due to ↓ O2 2º to vascular obstruction or ruptured cerebral artery Clinical Abrupt unilateral weakness, paralysis Diagnosis CT, MRI Prevention Control HTN, DM Prevention Carotid endarterectomy ↓ risk of future stroke; in asymptomatic Pts with stenosed carotids; CVA risk ↓ with aspirin and ticlopidine–Ticlid, which have antiplatelet activity. See Stroke, Transient ishemic attack.

cer·e·bro·vas·cu·lar ac·ci·dent

(CVA) (ser'ĕ-brō-vas'kyū-lăr ak'si-dĕnt)
An imprecise term for cerebral stroke.

cerebrovascular accident

Medical jargon or euphemism for any of the events causing STROKE, such as cerebral thrombosis, cerebral haemorrhage or EMBOLISM of a cerebral artery.


pertaining to the blood vessels of the cerebrum or brain.

cerebrovascular accident
cerebral vascular accident. See also brain hemorrhage, brain hematoma.

Patient discussion about cerebrovascular accident

Q. Stroke My granny got stroke. Now she is in the hospital, but she doesn't identify me or my mother. When I asked her what are the season now - she answers that it's winter now. I don't know how to help her. What I have to prepare for?

A. I was sorry to hear about your grandmother. You should remeber that after the initial phase, there may be changes in her functioning, especially with rehabilitation program. It's a vast subject, so you can read about it here (http://www.stroke.org.uk/information/after_a_stroke/), and also talk to other people in the stroke community here (http://www.imedix.com/Stroke)

Q. Migraine stroke Hi, I'm 58 years-old male and I have migraines with aura since age 14. Two weeks ago, I felt weakness in the left side of my body, and at the hospital the doctors told me I had a stroke. I underwent several tests, but they still don't know the cause for the stroke (my lab tests are normal; I don't have diabetes or hypertension). My neurologist said that although it's very rare, he thinks that my stroke was caused by my migraine. I tried to find information about it, but couldn't find much – do you know where I can get some more info? Thanks!

A. I supposedly had two strokes that caused one sided weakness and temporary aphasia. The most recent time it happened, I went to a different hospital's ER where their neurologist and stroke specialist told me I have "complex migraines." Apparently this type of migraine can mimic a stroke with all the symptoms. If you look up "complex migraine" at webmd.com or other similar sites, it will give you more informaton. My opinion, for what it's worth, is that I'd rather have a migraine than another stroke since migraines can be treated with preventive meds and/or meds that help the symptoms once it gets started.

Q. What Are the Risk Factors for Developing Stroke? My father had a stroke recently, at the age of 73. What are the risk factors for developing this?

A. Primary risk factors include:

1) smoking
2) excessive alcohol intake
3) uncontrolled high blood pressure
4) high cholesterol
5) overweight/unhealthy diet
6) illegal drugs/abuse of Rx drugs
7) known or unknown heart problems
8) diabetes
9) known or unknown vascular brain defects - aneurysm, etc.
10)family history of stroke

More discussions about cerebrovascular accident
References in periodicals archive ?
Our study identified characteristics that were statistically more frequent in the non-donor group, but when adjusting for older age, only smoking and death from cerebrovascular accident remained significant for non-donor status.
On the other hand a previous myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident and congestive heart failure likewise did not influence the final outcome.
Individuals who have sustained brain damage as a result of traumatic injury or cerebrovascular accident often experience changes in ability (residual effects) which may affect physical and cognitive abilities and emotional and behavioral capacities (Burke, Weslowski & Guth, 1988; Namerow, 1987; Peck et al.
Head Injuries resulting in traumatic brain Injury and followed by cerebrovascular accident (CVA) were the commonest causes of ICU admissions that required tracheostomy.
They died mainly of malignant ventricular arrhythmias, multiple organ failure, left ventricular rupture, low cardiac output syndrome, acute renal failure, respiratory failure, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, mechanical valve failure and cerebrovascular accident.
It is important to distinguish PRES from an acute cerebrovascular accident (CVA) because the 2 conditions are managed differently.
The primary endpoint was a composite of CVD death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident (excluding hemorrhagic stroke), transient ischemic attack, hospitalized angina, and coronary and noncoronary revascularization.
They cover office preparation and vital signs; altered consciousness, respiratory distress, and cardiovascular emergencies such as syncope, seizure disorders, diabetes, cerebrovascular accident, asthma, hyperventilation, angina and myocardial infarction, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation; allergic reactions; and legal issues in emergency care, including occupational hazards.
The investigators matched the glycemic data with national data on hospital admissions and death records to identify first cardiovascular events (ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular accident, transient ischemic attack, or peripheral vascular disease), Dr.
On the other hand during aortic valve replacement or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), rigidity of the aorta becomes a problem causing cerebral embolization and cerebrovascular accident.
Although there is a single small study (25 subjects) showing that DMPA may reduce painful crises in sickle cell patients, it is not sufficiently powered to confirm cardiovascular safety, particularly in a patient who has already suffered a cerebrovascular accident.