Termitomycesphins G and H, additional cerebrosides
from the edible Chinese mushroom Termitomyces albuminosus.
from Euphorbia peplis L.: Antimicrobial activity evaluation.
and a monoacylmonogalactosylglycerol from Clinacanthus nutans," Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol.
Some components in SC such as cerebrosides
(Kawai and Ikeda, 1985), SPG (Kumari et al., 2008) and lectins (Chumkhunthod et al., 2006) have potential vasodilatory effects which attract more and more attention.
The two cerebrosides
most highly enriched on the surface of the oligodendrocyte cell body and throughout the myelin membrane, compared to other parts of the body, are the galactosylceramides, GalC and sulphatide, which together make up 25-30% of human CNS lipids.
Neosynthesis of Epidermal Lipids (%) Control 1% organic white Lupine extract Polar lipids 100 104 Ceramides 100 144 Cholesterol 100 200 Di and Triglycerides 100 100 Cerebrosides
100 120 Cholesterol sulfate 100 145 Note: Table made from bar graph.
Lipids Listed as ceramides, cerebrosides
or sphingo lipids.
Amongst the lipids, it is usually the phospholids that can be considered as micronutrients but one should also consider free fatty acids, cerebrosides
and cholesterol, and there are some minor fatty acids in the triglycerides that are considered to be important.
Nonetheless, polar steroids are proved to be an important natural product isolated from brittle stars which are responsible for their cytotoxicity, terpenes, naphthoquinones, phenylpropanoids, carotenoids and cerebrosides
have been isolated from brittle stars and might have pharmacological activities (13).
Ali, Longifoside-A and -B: Two New Cerebrosides
from Mentha longifolia (Lamiaceae), Nat.
nutans leaves and a mixture of cerebrosides
and monoacylmonogalactosylglycerol isolated from the ethanolic extract of the fresh leaves of C.
have isolated two antibacterial cerebrosides
, designated cerebroside
1 and 2, from chloroform-methanol (1:1) extract of Fusarium sp.