cerebroside


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Related to cerebroside: ganglioside

cerebroside

 [sĕ-re´bro-sīd]
a general designation for sphingolipids in which sphingosine is combined with galactose or glucose; found chiefly in nervous tissue.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cer·e·bro·side

(ser'ĕ-brō-sīd'),
A class of glycosphingolipid, specifically, a monoglycosylceramide (ceramide monosaccharide), the sugar being attached to the -CHOH- moiety of the sphingoid. Cerebrosides are found in the myelin sheath of nerve tissue, for example, kerasin, nervon, oxynervon, phrenosin, these names are also used for the fatty acid involved. Cerebroside is sometimes prefixed by gluco-, galacto-, among others, in place of the correct glucosylceramide, and the like. The sulfate esters of cerebrosides are among the sulfatidates.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cerebroside

(sĕr′ə-brə-sīd′, sə-rē′-)
n.
Any of various lipid compounds that contain glucose or both galactose and glucose and are found in the brain and other nerve tissue.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Gaucher lipid

An obsolete term for a sphingolipid, see there.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

cer·e·bro·side

(ser'ĕ-brō-sīd)
A class of glycosphingolipids; cerebrosides are found in the myelin sheath of nerve tissue.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Glycolipid (cerebroside and ganglioside), particularly cerebroside, has been proved to exhibit various physiological activities, including antitumor/cytotoxic (Natori et al., 1994; Jin et al., 1994; Li et al., 1995; Chen et al., 2009), antifungal (Jin et al., 1994), immunomodulatory, cyclooxygenase inhibitory, and antifouling activities (Mansoor et al., 2007).
Abbreviations: NEDD8: neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated protein 8; DCUN1D2: defective in cullin neddylation 1, domain containing 2; MAG: myelinassociated glycoprotein; GFAP: glial fibrillary acidic protein; Caspr: contactin-associated protein; NF155: neurofascin 155; CSTKO mice: cerebroside sulfotransferase knockout mice.
Anti-microbial activity of extracts of stem bark demonstrated against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans (Ofori-Kwakye et al., 2009); reported anti-microbial constituents from stem bark--spathoside (a cerebroside), n-alkanes, linear aliphatic alcohols, sitosterol and their esters, b-sitosterol-3-O-b-D-glucopyranoside, oleanolic acid, pomolic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid and phenylethanol esters (Mbosso et al., 2008).
have isolated two antibacterial cerebrosides, designated cerebroside 1 and 2, from chloroform-methanol (1:1) extract of Fusarium sp.
This fraction contained cholesterol ester, triglyceride, cholesterol, phosphatidylcholine, ceramide, and cerebroside.
(1979) Carbon 13 NMR spectroscopy of a cerebroside. Proof of the O-pyranosyl structure of D-glucosylceramide.
Sarcosine was further conjugated to 12-aminododecanoic acid (for ASM) or 11-aminoundecanoic acid (for GCG) linkers that mimicked the hydrophobic chain in the natural sphingomyelin or cerebroside substrates (7).
Because saposin B is known to stimulate the hydrolysis of cerebroside sulfate, the storage product of MLD, we expected that it would be increased in plasma from MLD-affected individuals; however, this was not the case.
New York, NY 10038-4811 (212) 683-6700 ??infoucp@aol.com http://www.ucpnyc.org 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,6 CEREBROOCULORENAL DYSTROPHY See: Lowe Syndrome CEREBROSIDE LIPIDOSIS See: Gaucher Disease CEREBROTENDINOUS See: Leukodystrophy; Tay-Sachs Disease CHAGAS, DISEASE See: Autoimmune Disorders CHALASODERMIA See: Connective Tissue Disorders CHANARIN-DORFMAN SYNDROME See: Ichthyosis CHANDS ASSOCIATION See: Ectodermal Dysplasias CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE see also: Ataxia; Muscular Dystrophy; Myelin Disorders Charcot-Marie-Tooth Association 601 Upland Ave.
700 Washington, DC 20036-5602 (800) 872-5827 (202) 776-0406 (202) 776-0414 (fax) (202) 973-7197 (TTY) ??ucpainc@aol.com http://www.ucpa.org 1,2,3,4,5,6, 7,8; Spanish materials, provides direct services through 158 affiliate programs CEREBROOCULORENAL DYSTROPHY See: Lowe Syndrome CEREBROSIDE LIPIDOSIS See: Gaucher Disease CEREBROTENDINOUS See: Xanthomatosis Leukodystrophy; Tay-Sachs Disease CHAGAS' DISEASE See: Autoimmune Disorders CHALASODERMIA See: Connective Tissue Disorders CHANARIN-DORFMAN SYNDROME See: Ichthyosis CHANDS ASSOCIATION See: Ectodermal Dysplasias CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE See also: Ataxia; Muscular Dystrophy; Myelin Disorders Charcot-Marie-Tooth Association 601 Upland Ave.
700 Washington, DC 20036-5602 (800) 872-5827 (202) 776-0406 (202) 973-7197 (TTY) (202) 776-0414 (fax) www.ucpa.org ??ucpainc@aol.com 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8; Spanish materials, provides direct services through 158 affiliate programs CEREBR00CULORENAL DYSTROPHY See: Lowe Syndrome CEREBROSIDE LIPIDOSIS See: Gaucher Disease CEREBROTENDINOUS See: Xanthomatosis Leukodystrophy; Tay-Sachs Disease CHAGAS' DISEASE See: Autoimmune Disorders CHALASODERMIA See: Connective Tissue Disorders CHANARIN-DORFMAN SYNDROME See: Ichthyosis CHANDS ASSOCIATION See: Ectodermal Dysplasias CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE See also: Ataxia; Muscular Dystrophy; Myelin Disorders Charcot-Marie-Tooth Association 601 Upland Ave.