The learning process underlying EBCC is made of fast events such as acquisition and extinction, likely taking place in the cerebellar cortex, while a slower consolidation phase is probably linked to the activity in the deep cerebellar nuclei
Serotonin may change the reactions of motion-sensitive neurons in the vestibular nuclei, inferior olive, and midline cerebellar nuclei
They form multiple synapses with granule cells and send inhibitory projections to deep cerebellar nuclei
. The Purkinje cells form the sole output of all motor coordination in the cerebellar cortex9.
Thus, all in all, the conduction will occur through the inhibitory of the cerebellar nuclei
. The inhibitory modulation in the intracortical circuit comes from other type of cells including Golgi (Neuron stellatum magnum), basket cells and stellate cells (Watson et al.; Waxman).
In the spinocerebellar loop, deep cerebellar nuclei
receive excitatory input from the spinal cord via collaterals of the mossy fibers [23, 24], and GABAergic outputs from PCs appear to modulate the main pathway constituted of mossy fiber-deep cerebellar nuclei
For quantification, cells within the white matter of cerebellum or corpus callosum were counted, excluding cerebellar nuclei
in the cerebellum.
DWM is characterized by hypoplasia or agenesis of the cerebellar vermis, involving the cortex and deep cerebellar nuclei
, enlargement of the fourth ventricle in continuity with a posterior fossa cyst.
(23) reported that vascular topography and the involvement of deep cerebellar nuclei
were the chief factors determining the cognitive profile.
Autoradiographic mapping and in situ hybridization experiments demonstrated the presence of H1 and H2 receptors in the rat cerebellar cortex and deep in the cerebellar nuclei
Some researchers suggest disinhibition of cerebellar nuclei
or dysfunction of premotor neurons of the brainstem [10, 11].
Like the motor-related nuclei of mammals, VIAr receives inputs from the GABAergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars reticulata and the deep cerebellar nuclei
, and it projects to motor-related areas of the Wulst.