cerebellar


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Related to cerebellar: Cerebellar ataxia, cerebellar atrophy

cerebellar

 [ser″ĕ-bel´er]
pertaining to the cerebellum.

cer·e·bel·lar

(ser'e-bel'ar),
Relating to the cerebellum.

cerebellar

/cer·e·bel·lar/ (ser″ĕ-bel´ar) pertaining to the cerebellum.

cerebellar

[ser′əbel′ər]
Etymology: L, cerebellum, small brain
pertaining to the cerebellum.

cer·e·bel·lar

(ser-ĕ-bel'ăr)
Relating to the cerebellum.

Cerebellar

Involving the part of the brain (cerebellum), which controls walking, balance, and coordination.

cerebellar

pertaining to the cerebellum.

cerebellar abiotrophy
occurs in cattle, pigs and dogs. Affected young are normal at birth but at an early age ataxia and signs of cerebellar dysfunction appear, often progressing to complete immobilization. Cerebral function is usually normal. An inherited basis is suspected. In Kerry blue terriers, it is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Called also cerebellar neuronal abiotrophy.
cerebellar agenesis
absence of the cerebellum due to its non-appearance in the embryo.
cerebellar aplasia
see cerebellar atrophy (below).
cerebellar ataxia
the incoordination of gait characterized by exaggerated movements. There is no paresis. There is exaggerated strength and distance of movement—hypermetria. Caused usually by damage to the cerebellum or to the spinocerebellar tracts. May be congenital due to cerebellar atrophy or acquired due to inflammation or malacia of the cerebellum.
cerebellar atrophy
degeneration and loss of cells—Purkinje and granular cells of the cerebellum. Present at birth or soon after, is congenital in sheep, cattle, Arab horses, dogs and cats. Some of the diseases are inherited, some are known to be due to virus infection in utero, e.g. bovine virus diarrhea, feline panleukopenia. Some are in fact abiotrophies, premature aging of tissues. In the latter the animals are normal at birth but develop classical signs later. Segmental atrophy occurs in pigs but is asymptomatic.
cerebellar coning
see cerebellar lipping (below), brain herniation.
cerebellar cortex
the superficial gray matter of the cerebellum.
cerebellar dysfunction
see cerebellar ataxia (above).
cerebellar dysmelinogenesis
recorded in Chow Chow dogs; characterized by congenital head tremor.
feline cerebellar ataxia
see feline panleukopenia.
cerebellar hypomyelinogenesis
abnormally reduced myelination in the cerebellum; characterized clinically by severe neonatal tremor.
cerebellar hypoplasia
deficiency of cells of the cerebellum, the degree and distribution of which is variable. See cerebellar atrophy (above).
inherited cerebellar defects
includes cerebellar abiotrophy, atrophy, agenesis, hypoplasia, neuraxonal dystrophy.
cerebellar lipping
caused by diffuse cerebral edema. The vermis of the cerebellum protrudes through the foramen magnum and lies like a tongue over the medulla.
cerebellar neuronal abiotrophy
see cerebellar abiotrophy (above).
cerebellar neuraxonal dystrophy
reported in collie sheepdogs. The lesion is limited to axons and there are no lesions in the cerebellar folial neurons.
cerebellar syndrome
see cerebellar ataxia (above).

Patient discussion about cerebellar

Q. can you recover after a cerebellar stroke?

A. You can recover after a cerebellar stroke but the process takes time and rehabilitation. With the right kind of rehab people reach great results, supposing of course the initial injury allows it.

More discussions about cerebellar
References in periodicals archive ?
1) This appearance is a result of absence or hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis, lack of normal dorsal decussation and consequent enlargement of the superior cerebellar peduncles which follow a more horizontal course as they extend perpendicularly to the brainstem between the midbrain and the cerebellum.
Brains were collected after the close of the initial cerebellar vulnerability period at PD25.
More than 40 cases of cerebellar liponeurocytoma have been reported in the English literature.
Contrast MRI scan of brain revealed a solitary ring enhancing lesions in the left cerebellar hemisphere with mild obstructive hydrocephalus above the 4th ventricle (Figure 1,2).
Earlier research suggested that this spacing effect is the product of the transfer of the memory trace from the flocculus, a cerebellar cortex region which connects to motor nuclei involved in eye movement, to another brain region known as the vestibular nuclei.
Rather than beginning in the substantia nigra and moving into the cerebellar regions, nerve damage may begin in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagal nerve and progress upward into the midbrain, killing neurons all along its path.
In a study on rat cerebellar development has been mentioned that X-ray and cytotoxic drugs have destructive effect on regulating cell development, migration and differentiation of cerebellar 3-ply cortex [11].
Approximately 74% of patients exhibit autonomic failure, 87% experience Parkinsonism, 54% experience cerebellar ataxia, and 49% exhibit pyramidal signs such as paralysis, muscle weakness, loss of muscle control, and tremor.
Despite reductions in morbidity and mortality as a consequence of antibiotic development, cerebellar abscess remains a significant medical problem particularly in the developing world.
STC and RTC were concluded to demonstrate higher antioxidant capacity and better ability to prevent cerebellar neurons from ROS accumulation than their precursors, carnosine and trolox.