cephalohematoma


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cephalhematoma

 [sef″al-he″mah-to´mah]
a localized effusion of blood beneath the periosteum of the skull of a newborn, due to disruption of the vessels during birth. Cephalhematoma, in contrast to caput succedaneum, does not cross cranial suture lines. It is firmer to the touch than an edematous area: it feels like a water-filled balloon. Cephalhematoma usually appears on the second or third day after birth and disappears within weeks or months.

ceph·al·he·ma·to·ma

(sef'ăl-hē'mă-tō'mă),
A collection of blood beneath the periosteum, frequently seen in a newborn as a result of birth trauma; contrasted with caput succedaneum, in which the effusion overlies the periosteum and consists of serum.
Synonym(s): cephalohematoma
[cephal- + G. haima, blood, + -ōma, tumor]

cephalohematoma

Neonatology A hematoma under the scalp 2º to minor birth trauma, which is resorbed and rarely requires specific intervention

ceph·a·lo·he·ma·to·ma

(sef'ă-lō-hē-mă-tō'mă)
An effusion of blood beneath the periosteum of a cranial bone, seen frequently in a newborn as a result of birth trauma; contrasted with caput succedaneum, in which the effusion overlies the periosteum and consists of serum.
Synonym(s): cephalhaematoma, cephalhematoma
[cephal- + G. haima, blood, + -ōma, tumor]
References in periodicals archive ?
Operative vaginal delivery likely does reduce the rate of stillbirth and early neonatal death and lower the cesarean delivery rate, but the instruments themselves do occasionally cause maternal and fetal injury, including cephalohematoma, retinal hemorrhage, facial nerve palsy, and skull fractures.
It is important to note the presence of newborn trauma such as cephalohematoma, adequacy and number of feedings, infant output including the color of stools, presence of temperature instability, and the time of onset of jaundice as well as associated symptoms such as vomiting or delayed stooling.
Vacuum-assisted deliveries have a low risk of complications such as cephalohematoma when the cup is placed in the midline of the fetus's head with the center of the cup 3 cm in front of the posterior fontanel, and when the cup is applied only when the fetus is in a low station with the fetal caput visible, said Dr.
Significant risk factors include jaundice in the first 24 hours of life, gestational age of 35-36 weeks, phototherapy in a previous sibling, cephalohematoma, exclusive breast-feeding, and East Asian race.
A description of subgaleal hematoma in the medical literature dates to 1819, when it was referred to as false cephalohematoma.[4] Despite this long history, many practitioners are not aware of this entity and its frequently devastating outcome for neonates.
There were various reasons for the 19 infants who were not cooled, mainly logistical: admission beyond 6 hours of life in 41%, the lack of place in the unit and the nonavailability of the cooling machine in 10%, technical problems in the machine in 15.7%, and cooling contraindication in 10% (extensive cephalohematoma, pulmonary arterial hypertension) and 20% because the diagnosis was not made early.
On a pediatrician's advice, the child was taken to the hospital, where a cephalohematoma and jaundice were discovered.
The groups did not significantly differ in their rates of respiratory distress syndrome, cephalohematoma, fracture, brachial plexus injury, seizure, facial nerve injury, or 5-minute Apgar scores less than 5.
Potential neonatal complications stemming from the use of a vacuum extractor include superficial scalp trauma, cephalohematoma, subgaleal hematoma, intracranial hemorrhage, and retinal hemorrhages.
In some lawsuits filed over this injury, "they call it a cephalohematoma or a large expanding collection of blood beneath the scalp, but it never gets called or coded as subgaleal hemorrhage," he said.
The child was born with cerebral palsy, right-sided paralysis, cognitive deficits, and learning disabilities, as well as facial bruises, a large cephalohematoma, and swelling of the scalp.