Three risk factors proved significant as predictors of esophageal injury as defined by esophagitis or Barrett's esophagus: male sex, central obesity
as defined by a waist-hip ratio greater than 0.
as a major determinant of increased high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in metabolic syndrome.
Asthma can affect people of all sizes, but our study has highlighted both the individual and combined effect of central obesity
and overall obesity on asthma development.
Similarly, central obesity
was associated with increased odds of having prehypertension (OR 2.
The aim of these studies was to clarify whether cyclic nucleotides activate downstream pathways in individuals with central obesity
, as they do in lean controls.
Waist circumference and fasting insulin were taken as representative of central obesity
and insulin resistance.
Shaw added that although there is little doubt that central obesity
predicts cardiovascular disease risk, whether or not waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio are independent of other risk factors is not yet confirmed.
Low HDL-cholesterol, hypertriglyceridemia, and central obesity
remained common, whereas hyperglycemia and hypertension were infrequent, as we found in 1988-1994 (Fig.
Regarding the observed gender differences, BMI is more closely related to abdominal fat or central obesity
in men than in women and other studies have shown an association between increasing waist size and risk of colon cancer recurrence or death.
These results suggest that lifestyle modifications aimed at fighting central obesity
and metabolic abnormalities should be the most important recommendations for the management of fatty liver," the authors said.
Previous studies have looked at central obesity
(as determined by waist circumference) and body mass index in the elderly and its link to dementia risk.
Further studies will be necessary to determine the cause of the association between male gender and increased albumin excretion rate (AER), because central obesity
itself may not cause the increased excretion, reported Dr.