central nervous system stimulant

central nervous system stimulant

a substance that quickens the activity of the central nervous system by increasing the rate of neuronal discharge or by blocking an inhibitory neurotransmitter. Many natural and synthetic compounds stimulate the central nervous system, but only a few are used therapeutically. Caffeine, a potent central nervous system stimulant, is used to help restore mental alertness and overcome respiratory depression, but it may cause nausea, nervousness, tinnitus, tremor, tachycardia, extrasystoles, diuresis, and visual disturbances. Amphetamines, sympathomimetic amines with central nervous system stimulating activity, are used in treating narcolepsy and obesity, but these drugs have a high potential for abuse and may cause dizziness, restlessness, tachycardia, increased blood pressure, headache, mouth dryness, an unpleasant taste, GI symptoms, and urticaria. Various amphetamines, especially deanol acetamidobenzoate, a precursor of acetylcholine, are prescribed for hyperkinetic child syndrome because central nervous system stimulants may act as depressants in children. Doxapram is used to stimulate the respiratory center and restore consciousness after anesthesia and to treat acute sedative-hypnotic intoxication. Also called analeptic.

cen·tral ner·vous sys·tem stim·u·lant

(sentrăl nĕrvŭs sistĕm stimyū-lănt)
Medication used to speed up neuronal activity.
References in periodicals archive ?
Captagon is a synthetic central nervous system stimulant, Fenethylline, which is often found in tablet form.
Lisdexamfetamine, the central nervous system stimulant marketed as Vyvanse, has been approved for treating binge-eating disorder in adults and is the first drug approved for this indication, the Food and Drug Administration has announced.
A central nervous system stimulant, Vyvanse could cause serious complications including stroke and heart attack.
The results obtained in this study indicate that Ritalin and other stimulant drugs of central nervous system stimulant delay fatigue, so that the athlete performs dangerously beyond their normal capacity; often athletes are unaware of the inability of the blood circulation and are brought to dangerous situations; this lack of information brings complications including including cardiovascular collapse, high blood pressure responses, the risk of orthopedic injury, seizure, coma, stroke and at ultimately death [20].
You get disinhibited with alcohol and if you add a central nervous system stimulant such as caffeine to that, it can make the likelihood of you getting involved in a misadventure while under the influence greater.
There is concern that consuming stimulants such as caffeine, a central nervous system stimulant, and alcohol, a depressant, at the same time will reduce subjective perceptions of alcohol-induced impairment in comparison to alcohol alone," the guidelines say.
Ephedrine is a central nervous system stimulant used to treat breathing problems (as a bronchodilator), nasal congestion (as a decongestant), low blood pressure problems (orthostatic hypotension), or myasthenia gravis.
Captagon is common among students, who take it during exams as it is a synthetic central nervous system stimulant.
The presentation began with an introduction to methamphetamine, a highly addictive central nervous system stimulant.
CAFFEINE is a central nervous system stimulant, having the effect of temporarily warding off drowsiness and restoring alertness .
At that time, a non-amphetamine central nervous system stimulant, Modafinil, was developed.
Drug name Dose in MS Drug profile Amantadine 100 mg Antiviral agent typically used in morning and influenza or Parkinson's disease early afternoon treatment--has also shown fatigue relief for some with MS Modafinil 200 mg a day Wakefulness-promoting agent for (Provigil) treating narcolepsy that a study has shown reduces self-reported fatigue for some people with MS Methylphenidate 10-20 mg A central nervous system stimulant (ritalin) early morning indicated for treatment of attention and at noon deficit disorders but also helpful for MS fatigue in some people Source: national MS Society Medical Advisory Board

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