central auditory processing disorder


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auditory processing disorder

A generic term for a condition caused by ear infections and head trauma characterised by difficulty in processing of auditory information in the CNS.

Auditory processing disorders—difficulties in:
• Sound localisation and lateralisation;
• Auditory discrimination;
• Auditory pattern recognition;
• Temporal aspects of audition, including
    — Temporal integration,
    — Temporal discrimination (e.g., temporal gap detection),
    — Temporal ordering and temporal masking;
• Auditory performance in competing acoustic signals (including dichotic listening);
• Auditory performance with degraded acoustic signals.

central auditory processing disorder

Audiology The inability to differentiate, recognize, or understand sounds in a person with normal hearing and intelligence

central auditory processing disorder

A condition, sometimes confused with attention deficit disorder or hearing disorders, in which a child has normal hearing and intelligence, but cannot interpret sounds and their correct contexts or meanings.
References in periodicals archive ?
Central auditory processing disorders often present with language disorders, sensory integration dysfunction, and learning disabilities (LD).
Problems related to central auditory processing disorders (CAPD) often present with problems related to language disorders, sensory integration dysfunction, and learning disabilities (LD).
Multidimensional approach to the differential diagnosis of central auditory processing disorders in children.
Modality specificity as a criterion for diagnosing central auditory processing disorders. American Journal of Audiology, 4(3), 36-48.
Central auditory processing disorders: New perspectives.
The chapters on auditory training, signal enhancement, classroom management, and managing central auditory processing disorders in adolescents and adults should be particularly enlightening for otologists.
The greatest proportion of those audiologists who had no specific coursework reported that less than 6 hours of other courses focused on pediatric amplification (55%), on pediatric habilitation (46%), on pediatric counseling (62%), on pediatric electrophysiology (66%), and on central auditory processing disorders (74%).
Choices included case history, behavioral observation audiometry, otoacoustic emissions, central auditory processing disorders, evaluations, auditory brainstem responses, visual reinforcement audiometry, neonatal screening, conditioned play audiometry, immittance, counseling, and tests for functional hearing loss.
= program directors; CAPD = central auditory processing disorders; CPA = conditioned play audiometry; VRA = visual reinforcement audiometry.
The greatest proportion of program directors with school system affiliations reported that their graduates obtained 16 to 30 hours with central auditory processing disorders, while the greatest proportion of those not affiliated reported that their graduates obtained less than 6 hours with central auditory processing disorders.

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