center of gravity

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center of gravity

the midpoint or center of the weight of a body or object. In the standing adult human the center of gravity is in the midpelvic cavity, between the symphysis pubis and the umbilicus.
The center of a body’s mass, which is the point at which all parts are in balance with one another. The center of gravity depends on the body’s position in space, anatomic structure, gender, habitual standing posture and whether external weights are held

cen·ter of grav·i·ty

(COG) (sen'tĕr grav'i-tē)
The point on a body or system where, if pressure equal to the weight of the object is applied, forces acting on the object will be in equilibrium; the point around which the mass is centered; the location of the COG in an adult human being in the anatomic position is just anterior to the second sacral vertebra.
Synonym(s): centre of gravity.
References in periodicals archive ?
The type and number of centers of gravity the enemy possesses will thus depend upon the degree of connectivity, or overall unity, that his forces possess.
18) Clausewitz also states that centers of gravity have a "sphere of effectiveness" and that their "advance or retreat" can have an effect "upon the rest" of the forces involved.
In Book VIII ("War Plans"), Clausewitz discusses the relevance of centers of gravity to war planning.
7) Eikmeier references that the use of the word primary is attributed to Joe Strange, Centers of Gravity and Critical Vulnerabilities: Building the Clausewitzian Foundation So That We Can All Speak the Same Language, Perspectives on Warfighting, no.
22) Eikmeier argued that leaders in World War II were not centers of gravity but were critical requirements as leaders for their respective nations and enablers for the actual centers of gravity.
In answering these questions, Vego proposes that commanders and their staffs conduct an analysis of objectives and the military situation to determine centers of gravity.
To illustrate this methodology, Godzilla will be used to determine centers of gravity for a notional Allied amphibious operation in the Pacific during World War II.
The first is to delete references to friendly and enemy centers of gravity in figures III-4 and III-6.
3) Unfortunately, this version creates a false impression that centers of gravity are akin to sources of strength:
Instead he advised tracing the full weight (Gewicht) of an enemy force (Macht) to as few centers of gravity as possible.
In book six (Defense), Clausewitz offers a clear discussion of opposing armies as centers of gravity.
The discussion of centers of gravity in book eight is much less precise and is the source of misunderstanding for two reasons.

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