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n. pl. centau·ries
Any of several herbs of the genus Centaurium, especially a Eurasian species (C. erythraea) that has clusters of pink flowers and has long been used in herbal medicine.

European centaury

Herbal medicine
An annual or biennial that contains alkaloids, bitter principles, glycosides and triterpenes. It is anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, laxative and a digestive tonic, and has been used to treat anaemia, depression, gout, hypertension, kidney stones and rheumatic complaints.


n Latin names:
Centaurium erythraea, Centaurium umbellatum, Centaurium minus; parts used: buds, leaves, stems; uses: anthelmintic, antihypertensive, dyspepsia, appetite loss, kidney stones, (infants) anxiety, insomnia, colic, irritable bowel syndrome, ADHD; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, patients with stomach ulcers; can cause anorexia. Also called
bitter clover, bitter herb, bitterbloom, centaurea, common centaury, European centaury, eyebright, feverwort, filwort, lesser centaury, or
minor centaury.