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1. a thin flake or compacted platelike body, as of cornified epithelial cells. See also squama.
2. a scheme or device by which some property may be measured (as hardness, weight, linear dimension).
3. to remove incrustations or other material from a surface, as from the enamel of teeth.
absolute scale (absolute temperature scale)
1. one with its zero at absolute zero (−273.15°C, −459.67°F).
ASIA scale a descriptive tool developed by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) as a part of the complete classification of patients with spinal cord injuries. Called also Frankel Classification. See accompanying table.
Bayley S's of Infant Development a psychological test for assessing development of infants, using motor, mental, and behavioral developmental scales.
Borg scale a numerical scale for assessing dyspnea, from 0 representing no dyspnea to 10 as maximal dyspnea.
Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment scale a behavioral assessment scale used to evaluate the interactive behavior of a newborn by its responses to environmental stimuli.
Celsius scale (C) a temperature scale with zero at the freezing point of water and the normal boiling point of water at 100 degrees. The abbreviation 100°C should be read “one hundred degrees Celsius.” (For equivalents of Celsius and Fahrenheit temperatures, see Appendix.)
centigrade scale one with 100 gradations or steps between two fixed points, as the Celsius scale.
Fahrenheit scale (F) a temperature scale with the freezing point of water at 32 degrees and the normal boiling point of water at 212 degrees. The abbreviation 100°F should be read “one hundred degrees Fahrenheit.” (For equivalents of Fahrenheit and Celsius temperatures, see Appendix.)
French scale one used for denoting the size of catheters, sounds, and other tubular instruments, each French unit (symbol F) being approximately 0.33 mm in diameter.
Glasgow Coma scale a standardized system for assessing response to stimuli in a neurologically impaired patient, assessing eye opening, verbal response, and motor ability. Reaction scores are depicted in numerical values, thus minimizing the problem of ambiguous and vague terms to describe the patient's neurologic status. (See accompanying Table.) The total score is obtained by adding E, M, and V; a score of 7 or less indicates coma and a score of 9 or more rules out coma.
Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale a hundred-point scale used as axis V of DSM-IV to assess a client's recent and current levels of social, psychological, and occupational functioning.
gray scale a representation of intensities in shades of gray, as in gray-scale ultrasonography.
interval scale a scale having equal numerical distances between intervals in addition to mutually exclusive categories, exhaustive categories, and rank ordering but no zero point.
Karnofsky scale (Karnofsky performance scale) a widely used performance scale, assigning scores ranging from 0 for a nonfunctional or dead patient to 100 for one with completely normal functioning.
Kelvin scale an absolute scale in which the unit of measurement, the kelvin, corresponds to that of the Celsius scale; therefore the ice point is at 273.15 kelvins.
Likert scale a tool used to determine opinions or attitudes; it contains a list of declarative statements, each followed by a scale on which the subject is to indicate degrees of intensity of a given feeling.
Neonatal Behavior Assessment scale Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale.
performance scale a scale that measures a patient's performance status, serving as a prognostic indicator of seriousness of disease or disability. The most widely used scale is the Karnofsky scale.
Problem Rating scale for Outcomes see problem rating scale for outcomes.
semantic differential scale a measurement device that consists of two opposite adjectives with a seven-point scale between them; each item under examination is assigned to a specific point on the scale.
temperature scale one for expressing degree of heat, based on absolute zero as a reference point, or with a certain value arbitrarily assigned to such temperatures as the ice point and boiling point of water.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cen·ti·grade (C),

(sen'ti-grād), Avoid the mispronunciation sahn'ti-grād.
1. Basis of the former temperature scale in which 100 degrees separated the melting and boiling points of water.
2. One hundredth of a circle, equal to 3.6° of the astronomic circle.
[L. centum, one hundred, + gradus, step, degree]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


(C) (sen'ti-grād)
1. Basis of an earlier temperature scale in which 100° separates the melting and boiling points of water.
See: Celsius scale
2. One hundredth of a circle, equal to 3.6 degrees of the astronomic circle.
[L. centum, one hundred, + gradus, step, degree]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


This is identical, in every respect, to the CELSIUS SCALE. Centigrade literally means ‘100 levels’ and this is what the Celsius scale contains. The change to Celsius was purely for honorific reasons.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
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Nationally, corruption emerged as the most serious problem facing the country, cited by 33 per cent. It is followed by drought at 25 per cent, high cost of living at 17 per cent, lack of employment at 10 per cent, poverty at four per cent and poor leadership at three per cent.
The regulatory duty on cricket bats would be 30 per cent, cricket wickets 30 per cent, cricket pads 30 per cent, hokey sticks 30 per cent and polo sticks 30 per cent.
Inflation rate of food and non-alcoholic beverages group surged as a result of an increase in the prices of fish and seafood by 20.13 per cent, followed by the prices of meat by 2.68 per cent and prices of food products by 2.21 per cent. An increase in the prices of alcoholic beverages by 5.94 per cent and of tobacco by 1.27 per cent sent the group inflation up.
Another study from Illinois showed that companies that received funds from a bond program grew by 48 per cent and profits increased by 54 per cent. It sounds good, but companies that borrow money to expand usually do expand.
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BEST SHORT/MEDIUM TERM DISCOUNT RATE: Northern Rock's 2.5 per cent discount from base rate (currently 7.29 per cent) until 01/06/2000 gives a current payment rate of 4.79 per cent. The maximum advance is 95 per cent, with a redemption penalty of five per cent of the amount repaid in the first seven years.
A recent study points out that the average rate of Government purchases of goods and services was 3.45 per cent between 1982 and 1988, with the corresponding growth rate for the economy as a whole at 3.86 per cent.
Over the years, the agricultural sector's star has dimmed most perceptibly in industrialised countries where its share of total employment had dwindled, sometimes to a substantial degree as in Italy where it declined from 42 to 11 per cent of all employment, and in Bulgaria from 50 to 16 per cent. In most industrialised countries, employment in agriculture dropped to less than 10 per cent, including Austria, 33 to 9 per cent; Canada, 19 to 5 per cent; France, 28 to 8 per cent; the Federal Republic of Germany, 13 to 8 per cent; Japan, 54 to 9 per cent; Sweden, 17 to 5 per cent, and the United States where it went down from 12 to only 3 per cent.
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