Because idiopathic primary ERM is often a thin and transparent membrane resembling cellophane, it is also referred to as cellophane maculopathy. Cellophane maculopathy causes no traction and therefore no distortion in the neurosensorial retina or vascular structures, and is generally asymptomatic.
(12) Only 20% of the cases classified as cellophane maculopathy in that study showed progression.
When the membrane is thin and translucent, it is often referred to as 'cellophane maculopathy
Other applications of OCT in ophthalmology include retinal pigment epithelial detachment, epiretinal membranes (ERM)/ Macular pucker (cellophane maculopathy
), vitreomacular traction, rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, macular pseudoholes, lamellar holes, full thickness holes, retinoschisis, age related macular degeneration, choroidal neovascular membranes, retinal angiomatosis, and disciform scars / subretinal fibrosis, etc.
There are several descriptive terms used for epiretinal membranes covering the spectrum of severity; these include terms such as cellophane maculopathy
, pre-retinal macular fibrosis, gliosis, surface wrinkling retinopathy, epimacular fibrosis, pre-macular fibroplasia and various combinations of these terms.
ERM--also known as cellophane maculopathy
and macular pucker--occur in 2.2% to 18.5% (28) of the population and, while it may be idiopathic, it can occur secondary to intraocular inflammatory conditions, retinal vascular disease, after surgical intervention or following a complete or incomplete PVD.
Epiretinal membranes may be classified as either cellophane maculopathy
or macular pucker.