cell differentiation


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cell differentiation

The process by which primitive dividing cells, all of which originally appear identical, alter and diversify to form different tissues and organs. See also HOMEOBOX GENES.

cell differentiation

the process by which young cells develop into the various cell types making up the plant or animal structure. All young cells in an organism are thought to contain the same genetic information (DNA) and may become differentiated into any type of cell, the mature cell being produced by GENE SWITCHING rather than loss of DNA. Compare DEDIFFERENTIATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
These results demonstrated that PD-L1 Fc promoted Treg cell differentiation.
The endocrine cell differentiation on Col-M improved the efficiency, but the improvement was observed highest in the PI-MSCs on Col-R.
The results suggest that because large-molecule antigens were conducive to DC uptake, they were processed by DCs to present them to T cells to promote [T.sub.FH] cell differentiation [2].
Microcarriers that most effectively induced cell attachment also promoted cell differentiation into bone-like matrix more strongly than conventional two-dimensional supports.
In IRF4 research on the role of Th17 cell differentiation, Brustle found that mice knockout IRF4 failed to develop experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, T cell and RORgamma T were expressed lower, and Th17 cell differentiation was impaired [10].
Knockdown of FoxO1 Promotes Cell Differentiation in Human Fetal Pancreatic Progenitor Cells.
First, xylem-inducing culture systems are described, which allow us to study xylem cell differentiation in detail.
Therefore, inhibition of Th17 cell differentiation has been identified as a potential therapeutic target in 1BD (Gizinski et al.
"In the past, people have built models of regulatory networks that control cell differentiation mostly by genetically perturbing one or two components of the network at a time and then compiling those results into models," said Amaral, professor of chemical and biological engineering at the McCormick School of Engineering.
From this perspective, whether T cell differentiation is correlated to factors in chronic HD patients and whether the phosphate levels influence T cell differentiation remain unclear.
BioTime's research product lines include PureStem human progenitor cell lines, PureStem packages, clinical and research grade human embryonic stem cell lines (hES), HyStem hydrogels, culture media and cell differentiation kits.
Wang's desire to better understand the epigenetic regulation of stem cell differentiation. He and his team found that two gene-activating enzymes can promote stem cells' differentiation into bone cells.

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