celandine

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Related to celandines: Ranunculus ficaria, Ficaria grandiflora

greater celandine

Herbal medicine
A perennial herb that is a potent skin irritant, used by herbalists of the Middle Ages for removing warts; it was further believed, according to the so-called “doctrine of signatures”, that its bright orange flowers signalled greater celandine’s efficacy in treating jaundice.
 
Toxicity
Greater celandine is irritating to the skin and GI tract and depresses the CNS; it should be adminstered with caution.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

cel·an·dine

(sel'ăn-dēn)
(Chelidonium majus) Herbal recommended for use against GI disorders and palliation of dermatologic problems; clinical studies suggest possible use as an antineoplastic; hepatitis reported as adverse effect; should be considered toxic; not approved in U.S. markets as a drug, but is often found combined with other ingredients in herbal compounds.
Synonym(s): felonwort, rock poppy.
[L. chelidonia, fr. G. chelidōn, swallow]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
shining bright Lesser celandines Ranunculus ficaria 'Brazen Hussy' and, below, Ranunculus ficaria 'Flore Pleno'
Brazen Hussy is the most cheerful of all the cultivated celandines with vivid yellow flowers nestling among bronze leaves.
Some gardeners fear celandines - once their white rhizomes escape, it is difficult to persuade them to restrict themselves to where you want them to grow.
'Brazen Hussy' is the most cheerful of all the "cultivated" celandines, with vivid yellow flowers nestling among bronze leaves.
Rory Francis, of The WoodlandTrust, said: "There has been an awful lot of snow this winter, making spring arrive late but now red admiral butterflies are being spotted, rooks are nesting and hazel flowers and celandines are starting to appear." VisitWoods.org.uk, launched today, shows a map of all UK woods that are open to visit to see signs of spring.
Celandines (or pilewort) were used as a cure for piles in Medieval times
It's Easter Saturday, and in my pet park the water-logged path has finally dried out, and the celandines are in bloom under the trees - great swathes of them, carpeting wider areas every year, the way bluebells used to do higher up on these slopes.
April saw a spread of cream and yellow mats of wood anemones and celandines changing gradually to a carpet of bluebells.
At present nature is only just getting its act together and we can see the first bright yellow lesser celandines, ranunculus ficaria, flowering on the woodland margins.
Flowers being planted include hedgerow plants, native bluebells, wood anemones, lesser celandines and wild garlic bulbs.